Socrates runs into Phaedrus on the outskirts of Athens. Phaedrus has just come from the home of Epicrates of Athenswhere Lysiasson of Cephalushas given a speech on love.
Socrates, stating that he is "sick with passion for hearing speeches", [Note 1] walks into the countryside with Phaedrus hoping that Phaedrus will repeat the speech. They sit by a stream under a plane tree and a chaste treeand the rest of the dialogue consists of oration and discussion.
The dialogue, somewhat unusually, does not set itself as Two Person Dialogue Essay re-telling of the day's events.
The dialogue is given unmediated, in the direct words of Socrates and Phaedrus, without other interlocutors to introduce the story or give it to us; it comes first hand, as if we are witnessing the events themselves. This is in contrast to such dialogues as the Symposiumin which Plato sets up multiple layers between the day's events and our hearing of it, explicitly giving us an incomplete, fifth-hand account. Lysias was one of the three sons of Cephalus, the patriarch whose home is the setting for Plato's Republic.
Lysias was a rhetorician and a sophist whose best-known extant work is a defense speech, " On the Murder of Eratosthenes. The outcome of this speech is unknown. The dialogue consists of a series of three speeches on the topic of love that serves as the read more to construct a discussion on the proper use of rhetoric. They encompass discussions of the soulmadnessdivine inspiration, and the practice and mastery of an art.
As they walk out into the countryside, Socrates tries to convince Phaedrus to repeat the speech of Lysias which he has just heard. Phaedrus makes several excuses, but Socrates suspects strongly that Phaedrus has a copy of the speech with him. Saying that while Lysias is present, he would never allow himself to be used as a training partner for Phaedrus to practice his own speech-making on, he asks Phaedrus to expose what he is holding under his cloak.
Phaedrus gives in and agrees to perform Lysias' speech. Phaedrus and Socrates walk through a stream and find a seat in the shade, and Phaedrus commences to repeat Lysias' speech. Beginning with "You understand, then, my situation: I've told you how good it would be for Two Person Dialogue Essay in my opinion, if this worked out", Two Person Dialogue Essay 3] the speech proceeds to explain all the reasons why it is better to give your favor to a non-lover rather than a true lover.
Friendship with a non-lover, he says, demonstrates objectivity and prudence; it doesn't create gossip when you are seen together; it doesn't involve jealousy; and it allows for a much larger pool of possible partners. You will not be giving your favor to someone who is "more sick than sound in the head" and is not thinking straight, overcome by love.
He explains that it is best to give your favor to one who can best Two Person Dialogue Essay it, rather than click who needs it most. He concludes by stating that he thinks the speech is long enough, and the listener is welcome to ask any questions if something has been left out.
Socrates, attempting to flatter Phaedrus, responds that he is in ecstasy and that it is all Phaedrus' doing. Socrates comments that as the speech seemed to make Phaedrus radiant, he is sure that Phaedrus understands these things better than he does himself, and that he cannot help follow Phaedrus' lead into his Bacchic frenzy. Phaedrus picks up on Socrates' subtle sarcasm and asks Socrates not to joke. Socrates retorts that he is still in awe, and claims to be able to make an even better speech than Lysias on the same subject.
Phaedrus and Socrates both note how anyone would consider Socrates a foreigner in Two Person Dialogue Essay countryside, and Socrates attributes this fault to his love of learning which "trees and open country won't teach," while "men in the town" will.
Socrates then proceeds to give Phaedrus credit for leading him out of his native land: A hungry animal can be driven by dangling a carrot or a bit of greenstuff in front of it; similarly if you proffer me speeches bound in books en bibliois I don't doubt you can cart me all around Attica, and anywhere else you please.
When Phaedrus begs to hear it however, Socrates refuses to give the speech. Phaedrus warns him that he is younger and stronger, and Socrates should "take his meaning" and "stop playing hard to get". Socrates, rather than simply listing reasons as Lysias had done, begins by explaining that while all men desire beauty, some are in love and some are not. We are all ruled, he says, by two principles: Following your judgment is "being in your right mind", while following desire towards pleasure without reason is "outrage" hubris.
Following different desires leads to different things; one who follows his desire for food is a glutton, and so on. The desire to take pleasure in beauty, reinforced by the kindred beauty in human bodies, is called Eros. Remarking that he is in the grip of something divine, and may soon be overtaken by the madness of the nymphs in this place, [Note 10] he goes on.
The problem, he explains, is that one overcome with this desire will want to turn his boy into whatever is most pleasing to himself, rather than what is best for the boy. At some point, "right-minded reason" will take the place of "the madness of love", [Note 14] and the lover's oaths and promises to his boy will be broken.
Phaedrus believes that one of Two Person Dialogue Essay greatest goods given is the relationship between lover and boy. Because the boy has a more info as such a valuable role model, he is on his best behavior to not get caught in something shameful.
To get caught in something shameful would be like letting down his lover, therefore the boy is consistently acting his best. The absence of shame makes room for a sense of pride to come in; pride from the wealthy feeling of impressing one's own lover. Impressing one's own lover Two Person Dialogue Essay more learning and guidance into the boy's life.
The non-lover, he concludes, here do none of this, always ruled by judgment rather than desire for pleasure. Socrates, fearing that the nymphs will take complete control of him if he continues, states that he is going to leave before Phaedrus makes him "do something Two Person Dialogue Essay worse". However, just before Socrates is about to leave, he is stopped by the "familiar divine sign", his daemonwhich always occurs and only just before Socrates is about to do something he should not.
A voice "from this very spot" forbids Socrates to leave before he makes atonement for some offense to the gods.
Socrates then admits that he thought both of the preceding speeches were terrible, saying Lysias' repeated itself numerous times, seemed uninterested in its subject, and seemed to be showing off. Socrates states that he is a "seer". While he is not very good at it, he is good enough for his purposes, and he recognizes what his offense has been: Socrates begins by discussing madness.
If madness is all bad, then the preceding speeches would have been correct, but in actuality, madness given as a gift of the gods provides us with some of the best things we have. As they must show that the madness of love is, indeed, sent by a god to benefit the lover and beloved in order to disprove the preceding speeches, Socrates embarks on a proof of the divine origin of this fourth sort of madness.
It is a proof, he says, that will convince "the wise just click for source not the clever". He begins by briefly proving the immortality of the soul. A Two Person Dialogue Essay is always http://cocktail24.info/blog/essay-best-friend-kids.php motion and as a self-mover has no beginning.
A self-mover is itself the source of everything else that moves. So, by the same token, it cannot be destroyed. Bodily objects moved from the outside have no soul, while those that move Two Person Dialogue Essay within have a soul. Moving from within, all souls are self-movers, and hence their immortality is necessary.
Then begins the famous chariot allegorycalled by R. Hackworth the "centrepiece" of Phaedrusand "the famous and moving account of the vision, fall and incarnation of the soul. While the gods Two Person Dialogue Essay two good horses, everyone else has a mixture: As souls are immortal, those lacking bodies patrol all of heaven so long as their wings are in perfect condition. When a soul sheds its wings, it comes to earth and takes on an earthly body that then seems to move itself.
However, foulness and ugliness make the wings shrink and disappear. In heaven, he explains, there is a procession led by Zeuswho looks after everything and puts things in order.
Http://cocktail24.info/blog/finale-sports-bar-grill-business-plan.php the gods, except for Hestiafollow Zeus in this procession.
While the chariots of the gods are balanced and easier to control, other charioteers must struggle with their bad horse, which will drag them down to earth if it has not been properly trained. What is outside of heaven, says Socrates, is quite difficult to describe, lacking color, shape, or solidity, as it is the subject of all Two Person Dialogue Essay knowledge, visible only to intelligence.
Feeling wonderful, they are taken around until they make a complete circle. On the way they are able to see Justice, Self-control, Knowledge, and other things as they are in themselves, unchanging.
Essays - largest database of quality sample essays and research papers on Example Essay Dialogue. DACTYL: A three-syllable foot consisting of a heavy stress and two light stresses. Examples of words in English that. In the body of the essay, all the preparation up to this point comes to fruition. The topic you have chosen must now be explained, described, or argued. Brain Pickings remains free (and ad-free) and takes me hundreds of hours a month to research and write, and thousands of dollars to sustain. If you find any joy and. of, or having the nature of, narration; in story form; occupied or concerned with narration: a narrative poet · a story; account; tale; the art or practice of.
When they have seen all things and feasted on them, coming all the way around, they sink back down inside heaven. The immortal souls that follow the gods most closely are able to just barely raise their chariots up to the rim and look out on reality. They see some things and miss others, having to deal with their horses; they rise and fall at varying times.
Other souls, while straining to keep up, are unable to rise, and in noisy, sweaty discord they leave uninitiated, not having seen reality. Where they go after is then dependent on their own opinions, rather than the truth.
Any soul that catches sight of any true thing is granted another circuit where it can see more; eventually, all souls fall back to earth. Those that have been initiated are put into varying human incarnations, depending on how much they have seen; those made into philosophers have seen the most, while kings, statesmen, doctors, prophets, poets, manual laborers, sophistsand tyrants follow respectively. Souls then begin cycles of reincarnation. It generally takes 10, years for a soul to grow Two Person Dialogue Essay wings and return to where it came, but philosophers, after having chosen such a life three times in a row, grow their wings just click for source return after only 3, years.
This is because they have seen the most and always keep its memory as close as possible, and philosophers maintain the highest level of initiation. They ignore Two Person Dialogue Essay concerns and are drawn towards the divine. While ordinary people rebuke them for this, they are unaware that the lover of wisdom is possessed by a god.
two person dialogue essay
This is the fourth sort of madness, that of love. One comes to manifest this sort of Two Person Dialogue Essay after seeing beauty here on earth and being reminded of true beauty as it was seen beyond heaven. When reminded, the wings begin to Two Person Dialogue Essay back, but as they are not yet able to rise, the afflicted gaze aloft and pay no attention to what goes on below, bringing on the charge of madness.
This is the best form that possession by a god can take, for all those connected to it. When one is reminded of true beauty by the sight of a beautiful boy, he is called a lover. While all have seen reality, as they must have to be human, not all are so easily reminded of it.
Those that can remember are startled when they see a reminder, and are overcome with the memory of beauty. Beauty, he states, was among the most radiant things to see beyond heaven, and on earth it sparkles through vision, the clearest of our senses. Some have not been recently initiated, and mistake this reminder for beauty itself and only pursue desires of the flesh.
This pursuit of pleasure, then, even when manifested in the love of beautiful bodies, is not "divine" madness, please click for source rather just having lost one's head. The recent initiates, on the other hand, are overcome when they see a bodily form that has captured true beauty well, and their wings begin to grow. When this soul looks upon the beautiful boy it experiences the utmost joy; when separated from the boy, intense pain and longing occur, and the wings begin to harden.
Caught between these two feelings, the lover is in utmost anguish, with the boy the only doctor for the pain.