The Treaty of Versailles was intended to be a peace agreement between the Allies and the Germans.
Versailles created political discontent and economic chaos in Germany. November 11, marked the end of the first World War. Germany had surrendered and signed an armistice agreement. The task of forming a peace agreement was now in the hands of the Allies. In December ofthe Allies met in Versailles to start on the peace settlement.
The main countries and their respective representatives were: However, once the process started, the Allies found they had conflicting ideas and motives surrounding the reparations and wording of the Treaty of Versailles. It seemed the Allies had now found themselves engaged in another battle. Woodrow Wilson —the twenty-eighth President of the United States — This convinced Wilson to enter World War I, on the allied side. As the war continued, Wilson outlined his peace program, which was centered around fourteen main points.
It soon became increasingly obvious that the allies were seeking revenge and Germany was destined to be crippled economically and socially by its enemies. David Lloyd George —who was the Prime Minister of Great Britain —governed through the latter part of the war and the early post war years. Britain and Germany were, historically, always rivals.
After the war, Britain faced tough economic problems. Their exports click at an all time low due to outdated factories, high tariffs, and competition from other countries.
As a direct result, Britain suffered from high unemployment, which of course, affected the well being of the country. Britain had Treaty Of Versailles Fair Or Unfair Essay pride and nationalism stripped. The Treaty of Versailles would provide an opportunity to seek revenge for their losses.
They were also seeking annexation of German colonies in Africa. Georges Clemenceau — was the Premier of France and The French bitterly resented their defeat in the Franco — Prussian War and were eager to seek revenge.
Moreover, they were determined to regain Alsace — Lorraine. Their loss, in terms of war casualties, was thirty-three percent. Most of the battles were fought on French soil. After the war, France suffered terribly, economically. Inflation and a deflated French Franc spurned the French to take advantage of the armistice.
World War One was a devastation to Europe, which Germany was wrongfully held accounted for. The Treaty of Versailles wasn't a treaty at all, it was actually Germany's. Essay Writing Guide. To what extent was the Treaty of Versailles fair to Germany? One side of the argument is that the Treaty was extremely unfair to Germany. Natalie Barnicott 10 A Was the Treaty of Versailles unfair to Was the treaty of Versailles fair Sign up to view the whole essay and download the PDF. Was the treaty of Versailles fair? The treaty of To what extent was the Treaty of Versailles fair Essay The treaty was both fair and unfair on. One side of the argument is that the Treaty was extremely unfair to Germany, as it took away some of her most valuable assets and fuelled nationalism.
All the leaders had different opinions and motives regarding the Treaty of Versailles. Coming to a consensus was difficult.
The Treaty had to be revised several times before the final copy was signed on January 18, Instead, it was always at the expense of French interest that concessions were to be made.
However, once Germany complied, these points were ignored. Germany also lost one eighth of its land, all of its colonies, all of its overseas financial assets and limiting their once powerful military. France also received its wishes with Alsace-Lorraine. The biggest problem Germany had with Versailles was the war guilt, which was stated in article of the Versailles Treaty.
GCSE History The Treaty of Versailles
The Allies were astonished to find this particular paragraph was the most violently disputed point in the entire treaty. Fighting and killing were done by both sides but only the Germans were punished.
They had already lost many lives and things during the war, but now they were responsible for paying the reparations. The Germans tried paying their debts by borrowing and printing more money.
They were shocked to find that incredible inflation was the result. The Weimar Republic had many problems from the very beginning. Adolph Hitler, of the Nazi Party, preached a racist brand of fascism. He promised jobs and benefits to all classes of people.
For example, Hitler sent troops into the demilitarized Rhineland and the French did not respond. This and other scenarios gave Hitler the incentive to invade other countries and ultimately, invade Poland and started World War II. Hitler had ordered the deaths of at least five million Jews.
Not only did he orchestrate these mass murders, but he also influenced countless individuals to think and act in the same Treaty Of Versailles Fair Or Unfair Essay manner. Hitler may have had sick and shameful ideas but he certainly knew how to be a manipulative leader. He played on the fears and insecurities of the people and used their weaknesses to win their loyalty.
In conclusion, The Treaty of Versailles was supposed to represent the peaceful ending to World War I, however, it became the prelude to another war. It was originally an effort to restore order and provide a peaceful conclusion to World War I. Their selfish actions resulted in, not only the economic hardship of Germany, but inflation and unemployment in all of Europe. The severity of the reparations contained in this document set the stage for history to repeat itself.