Below are standard formats and examples for basic bibliographic information recommended by the American Psychological Association APA.
For more information on the APA format, see http: Your list of works cited should begin at the end of the paper on a new page with the centered title, References. Alphabetize the entries in your list by the author's last name, using the letter-by-letter system ignore spaces and other punctuation. Only the initials of the first and middle names are given. If the author's name is unknown, alphabetize by the title, ignoring any A, Anor The.
For dates, spell out the names of months in the text of your paper, but abbreviate them in the list of works To Write A Bibiography, except for May, June, and July.
How to write a bibliography. Includes bibliography formatting guidelines (including APA & MLA styles) plus examples. How to Write a Bibliography. When you write a paper or a book, it's important to include a bibliography. A bibliography tells your reader what sources you've used. It. How to Write a Biography. Writing a biography can be a fun challenge, where you are sharing the story of someone's life with readers. You may need to write a. How to write a bibliography A bibliography is not just “works cited.” It is all the relevant material you drew upon to write the paper the reader holds. Guidelines on How to Write a Bibliography in MLA Style How to Write a Bibliography [ ] A Research Guide for Students Plagiarism Checker; Hire Writer; About.
Use either the day-month-year style 22 July or the month-day-year style July 22, and be consistent. With the month-day-year style, be sure to add a comma after the year unless another punctuation mark goes there.
When reports were written on typewriters, the names of publications were underlined To Write A Bibiography most typewriters had no way to print italics. If you write a bibliography by hand, you should still underline the names of publications. But, if you use a computer, then publication names should be in italics as they are below. Always check with your instructor regarding their preference of using italics or underlining.
Our examples use italics. The APA guidelines specify using sentence-style capitalization for the titles of books or articles, so you should capitalize only the first word of a title and subtitle. The exceptions to this rule would be periodical titles and proper names in a title which should still be capitalized.
Academic Writing Tips : How to Write a Bibliography
The periodical title is run in title case, and is followed by the volume number which, with the title, is also italicized.
If there are more than six authors, list only the first one and use et al. Place the date of publication in parentheses immediately after the name of the author. Place a period after the closing parenthesis. Do not italicize, underline, or put quotes around the titles of shorter works within longer works.
Vanishing wildlife of North America. A history of the heroes of the imagination. A practical guide for creating tables. A reader's guide to science fiction. Facts on File, Inc. In The new encyclopedia britannica Vol. Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary 10th ed. Fundamentals for preparing psychology journal articles. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 55 Making the grade in today's schools. Time, California town counts town to big quake.
USA Today, 9p. Retrieved month day, year, from full URL Note: When citing Internet sources, refer to the specific website document. If a document is undated, use "n. Break a lengthy URL that goes to another line after a slash or before a period. Continually check your references to online documents.
There is no period following a URL. If you cannot find some of this information, cite what is available. Lightning injures four at music festival. Retrieved January 23,from http: Lady freedom among us. The Electronic Text Center. If a document is contained within a large and complex website such as that for a To Write A Bibiography or a government agencyidentify the host organization and the relevant program or department before giving the URL for the document itself.
Precede the URL with a colon. Cultivating positive emotions to optimize health and well-being. Retrieved November 20,from http: Retrieved August 8,from http: The safety of genetically modified food crops.
Retrieved March 22,from http: In forecasting their emotions, most people flunk out. Retrieved November 21,from http: You can find this page online at: You may print and distribute up to copies of this document annually, at no charge, for personal and classroom educational use. When printing this document, you may NOT modify it in any way.
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