Reagan, a Republicantook office following a landslide victory over Democratic incumbent President Jimmy Carter in the presidential election. Reagan was succeeded by his Vice President, George H. Bushwho won the presidential election with Reagan's support. Reagan's election resulted from a dramatic conservative shift to the right in American politics, including a loss of confidence in liberalNew Dealand Great Society programs and priorities that had dominated the national agenda since the s.
Domestically, the Reagan administration enacted a major tax cutsought to cut non-military spending, and eliminated federal regulations. The administration's economic policies, known as " Reaganomics ", were inspired by supply-side economics.
The combination of tax cuts and an increase in defense spending led to budget deficits, and the federal debt increased significantly during Reagan's tenure. Reagan signed the Tax Reform Act ofwhich simplified the tax code by reducing rates and removing several tax breaks, as well as the Immigration Reform and Control Act ofwhich enacted sweeping changes to U. Reagan also appointed more federal judges than any other president, including four Supreme Court Justices. Reagan's foreign policy stance was resolutely anti-communist ; its plan of action, known as the Reagan Doctrinesought to roll back the global influence of the Soviet Union in an attempt to end the Cold War.
Under this doctrine, the administration initiated a massive buildup of the military, promoted new technologies such as missile defense systems, and, inundertook an invasion of Grenadathe first major overseas action by U.
It also controversially granted aid to paramilitary forces seeking to overthrow leftist governments, particularly in war-torn Central America and Afghanistan. During Reagan's second term, he here closer relations with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachevand the two leaders signed the INF Treatya major arms control agreement.
The Reagan administration engaged in covert arms sales to Iran in order to fund the Contra rebels in Nicaragua that were Term Papers On Ronald Reagan to overthrow their socialist government.
The resulting Iran—Contra affair resulted in the conviction or resignation of several administration officials. Leaving office inReagan held an approval rating click to see more sixty-eight percent, matching those of Franklin D.
Rooseveltand later Bill Clintonas the highest ratings for departing presidents in the modern era. Due to Reagan's impact on public discourse and advocacy of American conservatismsome historians have described the period during and after his presidency Term Papers On Ronald Reagan the Reagan Era.
Reagan was the leader of a dramatic conservative shift that undercut many of the domestic and foreign policies that had dominated the national agenda for decades.
While distrust of high officials had been an American characteristic for two centuries, the Watergate scandal engendered heightened levels of suspicion of the government. The media was energized in its vigorous search for scandals, which deeply impacted both major parties at the national state and local levels.
The postwar consensus regarding the value of technology in solving national problems came under attack; nuclear power especially was criticized by the New Left.
Federal senator Sam Dastyari was one of many to pay tribute to Araghi, an Australian Bureau of Statistics worker and pop music lover whose family helped the Dastyaris to migrate to Sydney. Have one to sell.
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An unexpected new factor was the emergence of the religious right as a cohesive political force that gave strong support to conservatism.
A " culture war " was emerging as a triangular battle among conservatives, liberals, and the New Left, involving such issues as individual freedom, divorce, sexual freedom, abortion, and homosexuality, and even topics such as hair length and musical taste.
However, that legislation alienated many working-class ethnic whites, and open the door for conservative white Southerners to move into the Republican Party.
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Reagan, who had served as Governor of California from tonarrowly lost the Republican presidential primaries to incumbent President Gerald Ford. With the defeat of Ford by Democrat Jimmy Carter in the electionReagan immediately became the front-runner for the Republican presidential nomination. After Bush won the Iowa caucuses, he became Reagan's primary challenger, but Reagan won the New Hampshire primary and most of the following primaries, gaining Term Papers On Ronald Reagan insurmountable delegate lead by the end of March Ford was Reagan's first choice for his running mate, but Reagan backed away from the idea out of the fear of a "copresidency" in which Ford would exercise an unusual degree of power.
Meanwhile, Carter won the Democratic nomination, defeating Ted Kennedy 's primary challenge. Polls taken after the party conventions showed a tied race between Reagan and Carter. An independent candidate, former Republican Congressman John B. Andersonalso appealed to numerous moderates.
The general campaign between Reagan and Term Papers On Ronald Reagan was conducted amid a multitude of domestic concerns and link ongoing Iran hostage crisis. Reagan's campaign stressed some of his fundamental principles: In the concurrent congressional electionsRepublicans took control of the Senate for the first time since the s, while Democrats retained control of the House.
Reagan tapped James Bakerwho had run Bush's campaign, as his first chief of staff. Other major Cabinet appointees included Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinbergera former Nixon cabinet official who would be charged with presiding over an increase in defense spending, and Secretary of the Treasury Donald Regana bank executive.
Reagan made four successful appointments to the Supreme Court during his eight years in office. Reagan had promised to name the first woman to the Supreme Court in the presidential campaign, and he nominated her over the objection of some conservative leaders who objected to her past support of the Equal Rights Amendment.
Reagan successfully nominated Antonin Scalia to fill Rehnquist's position as an associate justice of the Court. Reagan nominated Please click for source Bork in Julybut the nomination was rejected by the U.
Senate in October Ginsburgbut Ginsburg withdrew from consideration in November Reagan sought to appoint conservatives to the bench, and many of his appointees were connected with the conservative Federalist Society.
Although "close to death" at the hospital,  immediately after the assassination, some White House aides expressed fear that the country would be left with an invalid President, much as it had been following Woodrow Wilson 's stroke in Reagan implemented economic policies based on supply-side economicsadvocating a laissez-faire philosophy and free-market fiscal policy.
Upon taking office, Reagan's first priority was the passage of a bill that would cut federal income tax rates. As Democrats controlled the House of Representatives, passage of any bill would require the support of some House Democrats in addition to the support of Congressional Republicans. InReagan frequently met with members of Congress, focusing especially on winning support from conservative Southern Democrats.
Free ronald reagan papers, essays, and research papers. Read this essay on Ronald Reagan. Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays. Get the knowledge you need in order to pass your classes and more. Find out more about the history of Ronald Reagan, Ronald Wilson Reagan was born on Ronald Reagan’s first term in office was marked by a massive buildup. Ronald Reagan Essays: Over , Ronald Reagan Essays, Ronald Reagan Term Papers, Ronald Reagan Research Paper, Book Reports. ESSAYS, term and research. Ronald Reagan This Research Paper Ronald Reagan and other 63,+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on cocktail24.info
With Donald Regan taking over as Chief of Staff inthe Reagan administration made simplification of the tax code the central focus of its second term domestic agenda.
The net result was the removal of six million poor Americans from the income tax roll and a reduction of income tax liability at all income levels. Reagan prioritized tax cuts over spending, arguing that lower revenue would http://cocktail24.info/blog/esl-presentation-proofreading-websites-gb.php require lower spending.
The commission rejected Social Security privatization and other major changes to the program, but recommended expanding the Social Security base by including exempt federal and nonprofit employeesraising Social Security taxes, and reducing some payments. These recommendations were enacted in the Social Security Amendments ofwhich received bipartisan support.
Reagan experienced several legislative successes in his first year Term Papers On Ronald Reagan office, but his attempts to cut federal domestic spending after met increasing congressional resistance. In another effort to lower the national debt, Congress passed the Gramm—Rudman—Hollings Balanced Budget Actwhich called for automatic spending cuts if Congress was otherwise unable to cut the deficit.
However, Congress found ways around the automatic cuts and deficits continued to rise, ultimately leading to the passage of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of Reagan took office in the midst of poor economic conditions, as the country experienced stagflationa phenomenon in which both inflation and unemployment were high. Volcker sought to fight inflation by pursuing a policy of "tight money" in which interest rates were set a high level.
During this period, the Reagan administration continued to urge Volcker to loosen the money supply as inflation remained relatively low and the economy continued to grow. InReagan appointed conservative economist Alan Greenspan to succeeded Volcker, Term Papers On Ronald Reagan Greenspan would lead the Federal Reserve until Greenspan raised interest rates in another attempt to curb inflation, setting off a stock market crash in October known as " Black Monday ," but the markets stabilized and recovered in the following weeks.
Reagan sought source loosen federal regulation of economic activities, and he appointed key officials who shared this agenda. According to historian William Leuchtenburgbythe Reagan administration eliminated almost half of the federal regulations that had existed in Germain Depository Institutions Act deregulated savings and loan associations and allowed banks to provide adjustable-rate mortgages.
Reagan also eliminated numerous government positions Term Papers On Ronald Reagan dismissed numerous federal employees, including the entire staff of the Employment and Training Administration. Secretary of the Interior James Watt presided over a policy that sought to open up federal territories to oil drilling and surface mining. Reagan did not make immigration a focus of his administration, but he came to support a package of reforms sponsored by Republican Senator Alan Simpson and Democratic Congressman Romano Mazzoli.
Though he was not closely involved in its passage, Reagan signed the Immigration Reform and Control Act in November The bill was also designed to enhance security measures at the Mexico—United States border. Very soon many of these men and women will be able to step into the sunlight and, ultimately, if they choose, they may become Americans.
It will remove the incentive for illegal immigration by eliminating the job opportunities which draw illegal aliens here.
Not long after being sworn into office, Reagan declared more militant policies in the " War on Drugs ". Reagan was largely unable to enact his ambitious social policy agenda, which included a federal ban on abortionsthe legalization of organized school prayerand an end to desegregation busing.
Reagan and other conservatives sought despite the lack of major social policy legislation, Reagan was able to influence social policy through regulations and the appointment of conservative Supreme Court Justices. InReagan signed a bill extending the Voting Rights Act for 25 years after a grass-roots lobbying and legislative campaign forced him to abandon his plan to ease that law's restrictions. Reagan had argued that the legislation infringed on states' rights and the rights of churches and business owners.
No civil rights legislation for gay individuals passed during Reagan's tenure. Many in the Reagan administration, including Communications Director Pat Buchananwere hostile to the gay community, as were many religious leaders who were important allies to the administration. After Soviet fighters downed Korean Air Lines Flight near Moneron Island on September 1,carrying people, including Georgia congressman Larry McDonaldReagan labeled the act a "massacre" and declared that the Soviets had turned "against the world and the moral precepts which guide human relations among people everywhere.
In MarchReagan introduced the Strategic Defense Initiative SDIa defense project  that would have used ground- and space-based systems to protect the United States from attack Term Papers On Ronald Reagan strategic nuclear ballistic missiles. Under a policy more info came to be known as the Reagan DoctrineReagan and his administration provided overt and covert aid to anti-communist resistance movements in an effort to " rollback " Soviet-backed communist governments in Africa, Asia, and Latin America.
They were instrumental in training, equipping and leading Mujahideen forces against the Soviet Army. The Reagan administration placed a high priority on the Central America and the Caribbean Seawhich they saw as another front in the Cold War. Reagan and his foreign policy team were particularly concerned about the potential influence of Cuba on countries such as GrenadaNicaraguaand El Salvador. To counter the influence of Cuba and the Soviet Union, Reagan launched the Caribbean Basin Initiativean economic program designed to aid countries opposed to Communism.
He also authorized covert measures, such as the arming of Nicaragua's Contrasto minimize Cuban and Soviet influence in the region.
The invasion of Grenada inordered by President Reagan, was the first major foreign event of the administration, as well as the first major operation conducted by the military since the Vietnam War.
President Reagan justified the invasion by claiming that the cooperation of the island with Cuba posed a threat to the United States, and stated the invasion was a response to the illegal overthrow and execution of Grenadian Prime Minister Maurice Bishophimself a communist, by another faction of communists within his government.
The US invasion was poorly done, for it took over 10, U. Grenada's Governor-General, Paul Scoonannounced the resumption of the constitution and appointed a new government, and U. While the Term Papers On Ronald Reagan enjoyed public support in the United States and Grenada   it was criticized by the United Kingdom, Canada and the United Nations General Assembly as "a flagrant violation of international law ". Until the early s, the United States had relied on the qualitative superiority of its weapons this web page essentially frighten the Soviets, but the gap had been narrowed.
Reagan recognized the change in the direction of the Soviet leadership with Mikhail Gorbachevand shifted to diplomacy, with a view to encourage the Soviet leader to pursue substantial arms agreements. Reagan's personal mission was Term Papers On Ronald Reagan achieve "a world free of nuclear weapons," which he regarded Term Papers On Ronald Reagan "totally irrational, totally inhumane, good for nothing but killing, possibly destructive of life on earth and civilization.
Before Gorbachev's visit to Washington, D. When Reagan visited Moscow for the fourth summit inhe was viewed as a celebrity by the Soviets. More info journalist asked the president if he still considered the Soviet Union the evil empire.