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This resource outlines the generally accepted structure for introductions, body paragraphs, and conclusions in an academic argument paper. Keep in mind Start First Body Paragraph Essay this resource contains guidelines and not strict rules about organization.
Your structure needs to be flexible enough to meet the requirements of your purpose and audience. The following sections outline the generally accepted structure for an academic argument paper.
Keep in mind that these are guidelines and that your structure needs to be flexible enough to meet the requirements of your purpose and audience. For exploratory essays, your primary research question would replace your thesis statement so that the audience understands why you began your inquiry. An overview of the types of sources you explored might follow your research question. If your argument paper is long, you may want to forecast how you will support your thesis by outlining the structure of your paper, the sources you will consider, and the opposition to your position.
You can forecast your paper in many different ways depending on the type of paper you are writing.
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Your forecast could read something like this:. First, I will define key terms for my argument, and then I will provide some background of the situation. Next I will outline the important positions of the argument and explain why I support one of these positions. Lastly, I will consider opposing positions and discuss why these positions are outdated. I will conclude with some ideas for taking action and possible directions for future research.
When writing a research paper, you may need to use a more formal, less personal tone. Your forecast might read like this:. This paper begins by providing key terms for the argument before providing background of the situation. Next, important positions are outlined and supported. To provide a more thorough explanation of these important positions, opposing positions are discussed. The paper concludes with some ideas for taking action and possible directions for future research.
These are very general examples, but by adding some details on your specific topic, a forecast will effectively outline the structure of your paper so your readers can more easily follow your ideas. Your thesis is more than a general statement about your main idea. It needs to establish a clear position you will support with balanced proofs logos, pathos, ethos. Use the checklist below to help you create a thesis. This section is adapted from Writing with a Thesis: Your paper should be organized in a manner that moves from general to specific information.
Every time you begin a new subject, think of an inverted pyramid - The broadest range of information sits at the top, and as the paragraph or paper progresses, the author becomes more and more focused on the argument ending with specific, detailed evidence supporting a claim.
Lastly, the author explains how and why the information she has just provided connects to and supports her thesis a brief wrap up or warrant. A good paragraph should contain at least the following four elements: Induction is the type of reasoning that moves from specific facts to a general Start First Body Paragraph Essay. When you use induction in your paper, you will state your thesis which is Go here the conclusion you have come to after looking at all the facts and then support your thesis Start First Body Paragraph Essay the facts.
The following is an example of induction taken from Dorothy U. There is the dead body of Smith. Smith was shot in his bedroom between the hours of Smith was shot with a. Jones was seen, by a neighbor, entering the Smith home at around When you use deduction in an argument, you begin with general premises and move to a specific conclusion.
There is a precise pattern you must use when you reason deductively. This pattern is called syllogistic reasoning the syllogism. Syllogistic reasoning deduction is organized in three steps:. In order for the syllogism deduction check this out work, you must accept that the relationship of the two premises Start First Body Paragraph Essay, logically, to the conclusion. Here Start First Body Paragraph Essay two examples of deduction or syllogistic reasoning:.
So in order for deduction to work in the example involving Socrates, you must agree that 1 all men are mortal they all die ; and 2 Socrates is a man. If you disagree with either of these premises, the conclusion is invalid. But when you move into more murky water when you use terms such as courageclear purposeand greatthe connections get tenuous. When a premise in a syllogism is missing, the syllogism becomes an enthymeme. Enthymemes can be very effective in argument, but they can also be unethical and lead to invalid conclusions.
Authors often use enthymemes to persuade audiences.
The following is an example of an enthymeme:. The first part of the enthymeme If you have a plasma TV is the stated premise. The second part of the statement you are not poor is the conclusion. To help you understand how induction and deduction can work together to form a solid argument, you may want to look at the United States Declaration of Independence.
The first section of the Declaration contains a series of syllogisms, while the middle section is an inductive list of examples.
First, I will define key and then refute these other positions in the rebuttal section of your essay. the TTEB method outlined in the Body Paragraph section. TRANSITION WORDS What transitions also show the relationship within a paragraph (or at first, for a start, secondly. Nov 02, · How to Write a Five Paragraph Essay. Begin each body paragraph with This should be your first step in editing your essay because you can have. How to Start a Paragraph. is important" at the beginning of each body paragraph, the next may be that something in the first paragraph causes something in.
The final section brings the first and second sections together in a compelling conclusion. In order to present a fair and convincing message, you may need to anticipate, research, and outline some of the common positions arguments that dispute your thesis.
If the situation purpose calls for you to do this, you will present and then refute these other positions in the rebuttal section of your essay.
It is important to consider other positions because in most cases, your primary audience will be fence-sitters. Fence-sitters are people who have not decided which side of the argument to support. People who are on your side of the argument will not need a lot of information to align with your position. People who are completely against your argument—perhaps for ethical or religious reasons—will probably never align with your position no matter how much information you provide.
Therefore, the audience you should consider most important are those people who haven't decided which side of the argument they will support—the fence-sitters. In many cases, these fence-sitters have not decided which side to align with Start First Body Paragraph Essay they see value in both positions.
Therefore, read more not consider opposing positions to your own in a fair manner may alienate fence-sitters when they see that you are not addressing their concerns or discussion opposing positions at all.
Following the TTEB method outlined in the Body Paragraph section, forecast all the information that will follow in the rebuttal section and then move point by point through the other positions addressing each one as you go. The outline below, adapted from Seyler's Understanding Argumentis an example of a rebuttal section from a thesis essay. Usually, you should not assume that your reader has read or remembered the argument you are refuting.
Thus at the beginning of your paragraph, you need to state, accurately and fairly, the main points of the argument you will refute. Next, make clear the Start First Body Paragraph Essay of your disagreement with the argument or position you are refuting. Your position might assert, for example, that a Pay To Anthropology Paper has not proved his assertion because he has provided evidence that is outdated, or that the argument is filled with fallacies.
The specifics of your counterargument will depend upon the nature of your disagreement. If you challenge assumptions, then you must explain why they do not hold up.
In the body of the essay, you will have three or four body paragraphs. Each body paragraph will have the same basic structure. Start by writing down one of your. How to Write Body Paragraphs The first sentence of the paragraph should be the Follow these tips on how to write the body paragraphs of your essay and you'll. Your body paragraphs should contain ample textual evidence, The body is the meat and potatoes of your essay. Each body paragraph contains one main idea. Strong body paragraphs are the foundation of a strong essay. The introduction and conclusion paragraphs of an essay mostly exist for style and organization purposes. The Five-Paragraph Essay. The last sentence of this paragraph must also contain a transitional "hook" which moves the reader to the first paragraph of the body of.
If your position is that the piece is filled with fallacies, then you must present and explain each fallacy. Conclusions wrap up what you have been discussing in your paper.
After moving from general to specific information in the introduction and body paragraphs, your conclusion should begin pulling back into more general information that restates the main points of your argument. Conclusions may also call for action or overview future possible research. The following outline may help you conclude your paper:. Remember that once you accomplish these tasks, unless otherwise directed by your instructor, you are finished.
How to Write an Effective Essay: Build a Strong Body Paragraph
Don't try to bring in new points or end with a whiz bang! Simplicity is best for a clear, convincing message. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. Detective stories are not a high form of literature, but people have always been fascinated by them, and many fine writers have experimented with them. Detective stories appeal to the basic human desire for thrills concise.
Moving from General to Specific Information.