General Practices in Reporting Quantitative Data. Charts and graphs are often the best way to demonstrate trends in data and make comparisons between different groups. Different types of graphs are required to most efficiently and effectively present different types of findings.
The following sections detail the most common types of charts and graphs and the important rules governing their use. Consultation Request References and Suggested Readings. For reference purposes, tables are usually the sensible option.
Extensive tables should usually appear as appendices at the end of a report. In general, tables are better than graphs for giving structured numeric information. Graphs are better for demonstrating trends, making comparisons or showing relationships. Text alone should not be used to convey more than three or four numbers. Sets of numerical results should usually be presented as tables or pictures, rather than included in the text.
When whole numbers are given in text, numbers less than, or equal to, nine should be written as words, while numbers from 10 upwards should be written in digits.
When decimal numbers are quoted, the number of significant digits should be consistent. Generally, one point past the decimal point is sufficient. Tables and graphs should be self-explanatory.
Presenting Findings (Qualitative) You will need to differentiate between is presenting raw data and using data as Example Martinez-Kellar Dissertation. Analysing and presenting qualitative data and communication problems. The data in this series7 for deﬁ nitions). Indeed. After all the data have been collected and the analysis has been completed, the next major task for qualitative researchers is to re-present the study in the form of. Presenting Results (Quantitative) In a quantitative dissertation or capstone you will be presenting your results. not simply raw data. When the reality of analyzing data and presenting findings students to write chapter four and five of a dissertation. A qualitative method outline is.
The reader should be able to understand them without detailed reference to the text. The title should be informative and rows and columns of tables or axes of graphs should be clearly labeled.
On the other hand, the text should always include mention of the key points in a table or figure. If a table does not warrant discussion, it should not be there. Statistical information beyond means and frequencies e.
When presented, care should be taken to do so in a way that does not obscure the main message of the table or graph. Back to Top Presenting Data in Charts and Graphs Charts and graphs are often the best way to demonstrate trends in data and make comparisons between different groups. Pie Charts Pie charts have limited utility.
Results, Discussion Conclusion chapters
Pie charts emphasize general findings, but do not make small differences apparent. Pie charts should only be used to represent categorical data with a relatively small number of values and should not consist of more than five or six slices.
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When presenting a pie chart, it is better not to use 3-D features, or break out the pieces, as this often makes it more difficult to compare the relative size of the slices.