Kevin Michael Rudd born 21 September is an Australian former Labor politician who was twice Prime Minister of Australiafrom to and again in Having previously served as a diplomat, and then as an official for the Queensland GovernmentRudd was initially elected to the House of Representatives for Griffith in Labor won the election by a landslide, with a seat swing in its favour, and Rudd was sworn go here as the 26th Prime Minister of Australia on 3 December.
The previous government's industrial relations legislation, WorkChoiceswas largely dismantled, Australia's remaining Iraq War combat personnel were withdrawn, and the " Australia Summit " was held. In response Olusegun Obasanjo Library Essay the global financial crisisthe government provided economic stimulus packagesand Australia was one of the few developed countries to avoid the lates recession.
Despite a long Olusegun Obasanjo Library Essay of popularity in opinion pollsa significant fall in Rudd's personal ratings in the middle of was blamed on a proposed Resource Super Profits Tax and the deferral of the Senate -rejected Carbon Olusegun Obasanjo Library Essay Reduction Scheme. With the next election drawing near, there was growing dissatisfaction with Rudd's leadership within the Labor Party.
Eventually, Rudd's deputy, Julia Gillardannounced on 23 June that she would challenge him for the leadership the following day. Knowing he would be defeated if he contested the leadership, on the morning of the ballot Rudd resigned as prime minister. After his resignation, he successfully re-contested his seat at the electionafter which Labor formed a minority government. He was subsequently promoted back to the Cabinet by Prime Minister Julia Gillard as minister for foreign affairsa post he remained in until he resigned on 22 Februaryfollowing which Gillard called a leadership spill.
Rudd contested the leadership, but lost. Rudd resigned as prime minister for a second time on 18 September, and announced on 13 November that he would be stepping down from Parliament within a few days.
On 22 November, Rudd formally tendered his resignation to the Speaker of the House of Representatives. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard Universitywhere he completed a major research effort on the future of China-United States relations. At its meeting on 28 July, the Cabinet was divided on his suitability for the role and, on that basis, Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull decided to decline the request; since nomination by the Australian government was considered a necessary prerequisite for candidacy, Turnbull's decision essentially ended Rudd's campaign;    Rudd later confirmed as much.
It damaged his heart, in particular the valves, for which he has thus far had two aortic valve replacement surgeries, but this was discovered only some 12 Olusegun Obasanjo Library Essay later.
When Rudd was 11, his father, a share farmer and Country Party member, died. Rudd states that the family was required to leave the farm amidst financial difficulty between two and three weeks after the death, though the family of the landowner states that the Rudds didn't have read article leave for almost six months.
Rudd boarded at Marist College Ashgrove in Brisbane although these years were not happy due to the indignity of poverty and reliance on charity; he was known to be a "charity case" due to his father's sudden death.
He has since described the school as "tough, harsh, unforgiving, institutional Catholicism of the old school". Rudd is of English and Irish descent. Thomas Rudd and Mary Cable. Thomas arrived from London, England in ; Mary arrived from Essex in He majored in Chinese language and Chinese historybecame proficient in Mandarin. Rudd's thesis on Chinese democracy activist Wei Jingsheng  was supervised by Pierre Ryckmansthe eminent Belgian -Australian sinologist.
The Honourable Kevin Rudd; 26th Prime Minister of Australia Elections: , This article is part of a series about Kevin Rudd. Greg Paul was born in England. By the age of 24, he was the youngest senior quantity surveyor in the country at a well-respected leading national house builder. Retrouvez toutes les discothèque Marseille et se retrouver dans les plus grandes soirées en discothèque à Marseille.
A kid whose continue reading told him after the election that it might just now be possible for the likes of him to go to university. A kid from the country of no particular means and of no political pedigree who could therefore dream that one day he could make a contribution to our national political life.
Rudd joined the Department of Foreign Affairs inserving as a diplomat until He and his wife spent most of the s overseas at various Australian embassies, including in Stockholm and in Beijing. He remained in that role when Goss Olusegun Obasanjo Library Essay elected Premier ina position he held until when Goss appointed him Director-General of the Office of Cabinet.
In this position, Rudd was arguably Queensland's most powerful bureaucrat. Rudd was influential in both promoting a policy of developing an Asian languages and cultures program which was unanimously accepted by the Council of Australian Governments COAG in and later chaired a high-level working group which provided the foundation of the Olusegun Obasanjo Library Essay in its report, which is frequently cited as "the Rudd Report".
The Goss Government saw its majority slashed inbefore losing it altogether after a by-election one year later. While in that position, he won selection to be the Labor candidate for the seat of Griffith at the federal election.
Despite being endorsed by the retiring Labor MP, Ben Humphreys Rudd was considerably hampered by Labor's unpopularity in Queensland, as well as a redistribution that almost halved Labor's majority. Rudd stood in the same seat against McDougall in the electionthis time winning on the fifth count.
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Read more made his maiden speech to the House of Representatives as the new Member for the Division of Griffith on 11 November Inhe met with British intelligence and helped define the position that Labor would take in regards to the invasion of Iraq.
There is no debate or dispute as to whether Source Hussein possesses weapons of mass destruction. There's no dispute as whether he's in violation of UN Security Council resolutions. After the fall of Saddam Hussein he would criticise the Howard Government over its support for the United States, while maintaining Labor's position of support for the Australian-American alliance. And here Olusegun Obasanjo Library Essay Australia, that formed also part of the government's argument on the war.
I think what it does is it adds to the fabric of how the Australian people were misled about the reasons for going to war. Rudd's policy experience and parliamentary performances during the Iraq War made him one of the best-known Labor members.
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When Labor Leader Simon Crean was challenged by his predecessor Kim BeazleyRudd did not publicly commit himself to either candidate. Rudd was predicted by some commentators to be demoted or moved as a result of his support for Beazley following the election of Mark Latham as Leader, but he retained his portfolio. Relations between Latham and Rudd deteriorated duringespecially after Latham made his pledge to withdraw all Australian forces from Go here by Christmas without consulting Rudd.
When Latham suddenly resigned in JanuaryRudd was in Indonesia and refused to say whether he would be a candidate for the Labor leadership. Following this, Rudd was given expanded responsibilities in the Shadow Cabinet, retaining his role as Shadow Minister for Foreign Affairs and also becoming the Shadow Minister for Trade.
Following opinion polls indicating that voter support for Rudd as Labor Leader was higher than for Beazley, speculation mounted that Rudd Olusegun Obasanjo Library Essay challenge Beazley for the leadership. One particular poll in November indicated that support for Labor would double if Rudd was to become Leader. Rudd announced his candidacy for the leadership hours later.
At his first press conference as Labor Leader, having thanked Beazley and Macklin, Rudd said he would offer a "new style of leadership" and would be an "alternative, not see more an echo" of the Howard Government. He outlined the areas of industrial relationsthe war in Iraqclimate continue readingAustralian federalismsocial justice and the future of Australia's manufacturing industry as major policy concerns.
Rudd also stressed his long experience in state government and also as a diplomat and in business before entering federal politics. Rudd and the Labor Party soon overtook the Howard government in both party and leadership polling.
Rudd maintained a high media profile with major announcements on an "education revolution",  federalism,  climate Olusegun Obasanjo Library Essay,  a National Broadband Network and the domestic car industry. In March the government raised questions over a series of meetings Rudd had had with former West Australian Labor Premier Brian Burke duringOlusegun Obasanjo Library Essay that Rudd had been attempting to use Burke's influence to become Labor leader after losing office, Burke had spent time in prison before returning to politics as a lobbyist.
FromRudd appeared regularly in interviews and topical discussions on the popular breakfast television program Sunrisealong with Liberal MP Joe Hockey. This was credited with helping to raise Rudd's public profile even further.
By way of explanation, Rudd said: Electoral writs were issued for the federal election on 17 October On 21 October, Rudd faced incumbent Prime Minister John Howard in a television debate, where he was judged by most media analysts to have performed strongly. On 14 November, Rudd officially launched the Labor Party's election campaign with a policy of fiscal restraint, usually considered the electoral strength of the opposing Liberal Party.
The election was held on 24 November, and was won overwhelmingly by Labor. The result was dubbed a 'Ruddslide' by the media and was underpinned by the considerable support from Rudd's home state of Queensland, with the state result recording a two-party preferred swing of 7.
As foreshadowed during the election campaign, on 29 November Rudd announced the members of his Government see First Rudd Ministrybreaking with more than a century of Labor tradition whereby the frontbench was elected by the Labor caucus, with the leader then given the right to allocate portfolios. He also became only the second Queenslander to lead his party to a federal election victory Olusegun Obasanjo Library Essay first being Andrew Olusegun Obasanjo Library Essay in and was the first prime minister since the Second World War not to have come from either New South Wales or Victoria.
During his first two years in office, Rudd set records for popularity in Newspoll opinion polling, maintaining very high approval ratings. On 23 Junefollowing lengthy media speculation, Deputy Prime Minister Julia Gillard publicly asked that a leadership election be held. Rudd announced a leadership election for the following day. The first official act of the Rudd government, on 3 Decemberwas this web page ratify the Kyoto Protocol.
Rudd established the Global Carbon Capture and Storage Institute to accelerate the deployment of carbon capture and storage CCS technology globally and the sharing of information. Obama said the partnership aimed to double the amount of investment in research and development needed to make alternative technologies viable and "points to the ability for us to pool our resources in order to see the technological breakthroughs necessary in order for us to solve this problem.
The Rudd government committed significant resources to renewable energy.
Legislation Olusegun Obasanjo Library Essay an expanded Renewable Energy Target was passed in August read article, expanding it from 9, GWh by to 45, GWh by and introducing a 'solar credits' multiplier to provide an additional incentive for the installation of solar photovoltaic systems.
The Rudd Government sought to introduce an emissions trading scheme to tackle climate change in Australia and embarked on a thorough policy development process involving the Garnaut Review led by its climate change adviser, Professor Ross Garnautfollowed by a green paper on ETS design issues, Treasury modelling to inform mitigation target decisions and a final white paper, which would be published in December Rudd and key Labor ministers worked with the Liberals under opposition leader Malcolm Turnbullwho personally supported action on emissions, to achieve compromise on details of the scheme and gain their support.
Rudd personally committed himself to international action on climate change in the lead-up to the Copenhagen Summit in December Ahead of the summit, he convened a meeting of leaders at the APEC conference in Singapore which brought together the leaders of China, the United States, Japan and Denmark for the first time to discuss their respective positions. Rudd announced financial help for small island states affected by climate change at the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting in Trinidad and Tobago in and used the this web page to rally support for the Copenhagen summit.
The fact we got a Copenhagen declaration which has now led to the next stage As the parliament's first order of business, on 13 FebruaryRudd gave an National Apology to Indigenous Australians for the stolen generations. The apology, for the policies of successive parliaments and governments, passed unanimously as a motion by both houses of parliament.
As ofthere have Olusegun Obasanjo Library Essay eight Closing the Gap Reports presented to Olusegun Obasanjo Library Essay, providing data in areas that previously had none and updates on progress.
Since leaving politics, Rudd has Olusegun Obasanjo Library Essay the Australian National Apology Foundation, as foreshadowed in his final speech to Parliament,  to continue to promote reconciliation and closing the gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. The Rudd Government's economic policy response to the Global Financial Crisis has been cited as an effective Olusegun Obasanjo Library Essay model and described by Nobel Laureate Professor Joseph Stiglitz as "one of the strongest Keynesian stimulus packages in the world" that "helped Australia avoid recession and saved up tojobs".
Australia was the only western economy to do so. In his first speech to Parliament inRudd outlined his belief in the need for governments to take an active role in the economy, particularly to assure equality of opportunity. On election to office prior to the Global Financial Crisis, the Rudd Government announced a click at this page plan to combat inflation.
The majority of the deficit was created by a loss of taxation revenue as a result of the recession, with the rest made up in stimulus and other spending.
The Nation Building Economic Stimulus Plan, as it was branded, contained a range of programs implemented through Commonwealth legislation and overseen by Commonwealth agencies, although administered by state governments and other authorities. These included the construction of libraries, classrooms and multipurpose centres, the refurbishment and repairs of existing facilities, and science and language centres in 70 secondary schools in disadvantaged areas.
Two major controversies, however, affected public reception of the scheme. The Home Insulation Program became controversial in early after reports of house fires, possible fraud and the deaths of four young insulation installers. Rudd responded by demoting the minister responsible, Peter Garrettsuspending the scheme and commissioning an immediate review of the program by Dr Allan Hawke. Hawke noted in his report that "despite the safety, quality and compliance concerns, there were solid achievements against the program objectives".
However, Hawke found the department was not up to the task of monitoring thousands of independent contractors around Australia on a tight timeframe and that demand was higher than anticipated, which led to safety and quality risks that "cannot be fully abated".