go here src="http://www.markedbyteachers.com/media/docs/newdocs/gcse/english/english_literature/drama/william_shakespeare/othello/831766/images/full/img_cropped_1.png" data-lazy-type="image" alt="seems from" class="lazy lazy-hidden alignright size-full wp-image-99" width="220">Literary Terms and Definitions: This page is under perpetual construction!
It was last upda ted January 5, The term in poetry refers to the use of words that combine sharp, harsh, hissing, or unmelodious sounds. It is the opposite of euphony. A small addition or "extra" Literary Essay On Othello added to an initial letter. Common cadels include pen-drawn faces or grotesques. Examples include the faces appearing in the initial letters of the Lansdowne manuscript of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales.
The melodic pattern just before the end of a sentence or phrase--for instance an interrogation or an exhortation. More generally, the natural learn more here of language click on the position of stressed and unstressed syllables. Cadence is a major component of individual writers' styles. A cadence group is a coherent group of words spoken as a single rhythmical unit, such as a prepositional phrase, "of parting day" or a noun phrase, "our inalienable rights.
See discussion under cadence. A pause separating phrases within lines of poetry--an important part of poetic rhythm. The term caesura comes from the Latin "a cutting" or "a slicing. Others insert extra space in this location. Others do not indicate the caesura typographically at all. An expression formed by individually translating parts of a longer foreign expression and then combining them in a way that may or may not make literal sense in the new language.
Algeo provides the example of the English phrase trial balloonwhich is a calque for the French ballon d'essai Algeo In medieval manuscripts, this is as Kathleen Scott states"Decorative work, usually developing from or used to make up an important or introductory initial, Literary Essay On Othello developing from ascenders at the top of the page and descenders at the bottom of the justified text; a series of strokes made by holding a quill constant at one angle to produce broader and narrower lines, which in combination appear to overlap one another to form strap-work" Scott A bibliographical term referring to a leaf which is substituted for one removed by the printers because of an error.
For instance, the first quarto of Shakespeare's Troilus and Cressida has a title page existing in both cancelled and uncancelled states, leaving modern readers in some doubt as to whether the play should be considered a comedy, history, or tragedy. Canon has three general meanings. Originally, the term "canon" applied to the list of books to be included as authentic biblical doctrine in the Hebrew and Christian Bible, as opposed Literary Essay On Othello apocryphal works works of dubious, mysterious or uncertain origin.
Click here for more information. In this sense, "the canon" denotes the entire body of literature traditionally thought to be suitable for admiration and study. Likewise, the Shakespearean canon has only two apocryphal plays Pericles and the Two Noble Kinsmen that have gained wide acceptance as authentic Shakespearean works beyond the thirty-six plays Literary Essay On Othello in the First Folio.
Do not confuse the spelling of cannon the big gun with canon the official collection of literary works.
The issue of canonical literature is a thorny one. Traditionally, those works considered canonical are typically restricted to dead white European male authors.
Many modern critics and teachers click that women, minorities, and non-Western writers are left out of the literary canon unfairly. Additionally, the canon has always been determined in part by philosophical biases and political considerations. In response, some critics suggest we do away with a canon altogether, while others advocate enlarging or expanding the existing canon to achieve a more representative sampling.
A hymn or religious song using words from any part of the Bible except the Psalms.
Essay writing- Othello
A sub-division of an epic or narrative poem comparable to a chapter in a novel. In general, the term has three meanings. A narrative, usually autobiographical in origin, concerning colonials or settlers who are captured by Amerindian or aboriginal tribes and live among them for some time before gaining freedom. Mary Rowlandsonwhich details her More info captivity among the Wampanoag tribe in the late seventeenth Literary Essay On Othello.
Contrast with escape literature and slave narrative. In contrast to the three spiritual or Christian virtues of fides faithspes hopeand caritas love espoused in the New Testament, the four cardinal virtues consisted of prudence, temperance, fortitude, and justice.
Theologians like Saint Augustine argued Christians alone monopolized faith in a true God, hope of a real afterlife, and Literary Essay On Othello ability to love human beings not for their own sake, but as a manifestation of God's creation. However, these early theologians argued that pagans could still be virtuous in the cardinal virtues, the old values of the Roman Empire before the coming of Christianity.
In Latin terminology, pagan Rome espoused the four cardinal virtues as follows: The Latin four-fold classification--later adopted by Saint Augustine and Saint Thomas Aquinas--originates in much older Greek philosophy. In The RepublicPlato uses similar virtues as a way to dissect the roles different citizens would play in an ideal state.
Also called a wedgean up-arrowor a hatthis editorial mark looks much the Greek letter lambda or an arrowhead pointing upwards. Here is an example: An editor will write a caret underneath a line of text to indicate that a word, letter, or punctuation mark link insertion at the spot where the two lines converge. The generic Latin term for a song or poem--especially a love-song or love-poem.
After Ovid was banished to Tomis by the Emperor in the year 8 AD, he wrote that his crime was " carmen et error " a song and a mistake. This has led some scholars to wonder if his scandalous poem The Ars Amatoria "The Art of Love" may have invoked the wrath of Emperor Augustus whose Julian Marian laws sought to curb adultery and illicit sexuality.
Othello as Tragic Hero. From Hamlet, an ideal prince, and other essays in Shakesperean interpretation: Hamlet; Merchant of Venice; Othello; King Lear by . Free othello papers, essays, and research papers. These results are sorted by most relevant first (ranked search). You may also sort these by color rating or. Free Othello Theme papers, essays, and research papers. Study guides and discussion forums offered on various academic subjects. Literature section includes brief analyses of characters, themes and plots. An index with brief explanations and bibliographies.
Literally, the phrase is Latin for "seize the day," from carpere to pluck, harvest, or grab and the accusative form of die day.
The term refers to a common moral or theme in classical literature that the reader should make the most out of life and should enjoy it before it ends. Poetry or literature that illustrates this moral is often called poetry or literature of the " carpe diem " tradition.
AnacreonticsRoman StoicismEpicureanismtransitus mundiand the ubi sunt motif. The inflectional form of a noun, pronoun, or in some languages adjective that shows how the word relates to the verb or to other nouns of the same clause.
For instance, them is the objective case of theyand their is the possessive case of they. Common cases include Literary Essay On Othello nominative, the accusative, the genitive, the dative, the ablative, the vocative, and the instrumental forms. Patterns of particular endings added to words to indicate their case are called declensions.
Click here for expanded information. A dialect spoken by specific hereditary classes in a society. Often the use of caste dialect marks the speaker as part of that particular class. For instance, a Literary Essay On Othello or "untouchable" is the lowest caste in the Indian Hindu caste system while a brahmin is the highest caste.
Although the two groups may frequently share a common language, they each also have specialized vocabulary and speech mannerisms that to a native speaker may quickly advertise their social background. A completely impossible figure of speech or an implied metaphor that results from combining other extreme figures of speech such as anthimeriahyperbolesynaesthesiaand metonymy.
The results in each case are so unique that it is hard to state a general figure of speech that embodies all of the possible results. It is far easier to give examples. For instance, Hamlet says of Gertrude, "I will speak daggers to her. In spite of that impossibility, readers know Shakespeare means Hamlet will address Gertrude in a painful, contemptuous way. In pop music from the s, the performer Click the following article tells a disappointed lover, "There ain't no Coup de Ville hiding the bottom of a crackerjack box.
Sometimes the catachresis results from stacking one impossibility on top of another.
For a more recent example, consider the disturbingly cheerful pop song by Foster the People, "Pumped Up Kicks," which deals with a school shooting. Yeah, the sleight of my hand is now a quick-pull trigger. Here, the catachresis might evoke the idea of the "cool" kid using personal style instead of a persuasive argument, or it might evoke the imagery of torture--burning victims with a cigarette-butt to make one's point.
This sort of evocative, almost nonsensical language article source the heart of good catachresis. Other examples, in The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien uses catachresis to describe Legolas's disgusted outburst at encountering an Orc by asserting, "'Yrch! As Milton so elegantly phrased it, catachresis is all about "blind mouths.
A special subtype of catachresis is abusioa mixed metaphor that results when two metaphors collide. For instance, one U. He is said to have exclaimed, "Now that is a horse of a different feather. Intentionally or not, the senator created an ungainly, unnatural animal that reflects the ungainly, unnatural coalition he condemned. Purists of languages often scrowl Literary Essay On Othello abusio with good reason.
Too commonly abusio is the result of sloppy writing, such as the history student who wrote "the dreadful hand of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and growls at its enemies. However, when used intentionally for a subtle effect, abusio and catachresis can be powerful tools for originality. In poetry, a catalectic line is a truncated line in which one or more unstressed syllables have been dropped, especially in the final metrical foot.
For instance, acephalous or headless lines are catalectic, containing one fewer syllable than would be normal for the line.
For instance, Babette Deutsche notes the second line in this couplet from A. And if my ways are not as theirs, Let them mind their own affairs. On the other hand, in trochaic verse, the final syllable tends to be the truncated one, as Deutsche notes about the first two lines of Shelley's stanza: Music, when soft voices die, Vibrates in the memory-- Odours, when sweet violets sicken, Live within the senses they quicken.
The term catalectic contrasts with an acatalectic line, which refers to a "normal" line of poetry containing the expected number of syllables in each line, or a hypercatalectic line, which has one or more extra syllables than would normally be expected. Truncation of a poetic line--i.
The act of Literary Essay On Othello truncation is called catalexis. If catalexis occurs at the start of a line, that line is said to be acephalous or headless. Creating long lists for poetic or rhetorical effect. The technique is common in epic literature, where conventionally the poet would devise long lists of famous princes, aristocrats, warriors, and mythic heroes to be lined up in battle and slaughtered. The technique is also common in the practice of giving illustrious genealogies "and so-and-so begat so-and-so," or click the following article, son of y, son of z" etc.
An example in American literature is Whitman's multi-page catalog of American types in section 15 of "Song of Myself. The pure contralto sings in the organ loft, The carpenter dresses his plank, the tongue of his foreplane whistles its wild ascending lisp, The married and unmarried children ride home to their Thanksgiving dinner, The pilot seizes the king-pin, he heaves down with a strong arm, The mate stands braced in the whale-boat, lance and harpoon are ready, The duck-shooter walks by silent and cautious stretches, The deacons are ordained with crossed hands at the altar, The spinning-girl retreats and advances to the hum of the big wheel, The farmer stops by the bars as he walks on a First-day loaf and looks at the oats and rye, The lunatic is carried at last to the asylum a confirmed case