In our previous R blogwe have discussed all the topics related to R Programming in detail. In this blog, we are going to provide you a top R Interview Questions and Answers.

Links are also provided along with the questions to the deep understanding of the topic. Hope this blog will help you a lot to crack R Interview. R is a language and environment for statistical computing and graphics.

It is an open source programming language. R provides a wide variety of statistical and graphical techniques and is highly extensible.

Data miners use it for developing statistical software and data analysis. Read more about R Programming in detail. R is a command line driven program. There have been a number of attempts to create a more graphical interface, ranging How To Write Symbols In Xfig code editors that interact with R, to full-blown GUIs that present the user with menus and dialog boxes. In a command line interface, you type commands that you want to execute and press return.

R and Data Mining introduces researchers, post-graduate students, and analysts to data mining using R, a free software environment for statistical computing and graphics.

R is named partly after the first names of the first two R authors and partly as a play on the name of S. The project was conceived inwith an initial version released in and a stable beta version in Read more reasons to learn R Programming. Learn More R Applications in detail.

R is a leading tool for machine learningstatistics, and data analysis. It is a programming language. By using R we can create objects, functions, and packages. R language is a platform independent so we can use it on any operating systems. The installation of R is free so we can use it without purchasing a license.

R is not only statistic package and is an open source. It means anyone can examine the source code to see what exactly is doing on screen. Anyone can add a feature and fix bugs without waiting for the vendor to do this.

R has large growing community of users. R is a popular statistical software which is famous for the enormous amount of packages. R is indeed slow compared to many other scripting languages, but there are a few tricks which can make our R code run faster.

It was primarily developed to be able to analyze large quantities of agriculture data while SPSS stands for Statistical Package for the Social Sciences and was developed for the social sciences and was the first statistical programming language for the PC. Visualization is any technique for creating images, diagrams, or animations to communicate a message. Visualization through visual imagery has been an effective way to communicate both abstract and concrete ideas since the dawn of humanity. Predictive analysis is the branch of advanced analysis.

It used to make predictions about unknown future events. The Predictive analysis contains data How To Write Symbols In Xfig, statistics, and deployment. It uses many techniques from data mining, statistics, machine learning and analyzes current see more to click at this page predictions about future.

It also allows the business users to create Predictive intelligence. Learn about R predictive Analysis in detail. The main goal of is to find out the reasons behind previous success or failure in the past. Hence, Most of the social analysis is descriptive analysis.

Learn more about R Descriptive Analysis in detail. We can also use the console in RStudio. We can use the R documentation like this: Learn about R Studio in detail.

In programming, a data type is a classification that specifies what type of a value variable has. It also describes what type of relational, mathematical and logical operations can apply to it without causing an error.

We need to use various variables to store information while doing programming in any programming language. Variables are nothing but reserved memory locations to store values. This means that when we create a variable we reserve some space in memory.

The variables are assigned with R-Objects. Thus, the data type of the R-object becomes the data type of the variable. A matrix is always two dimensional as it has only rows and columns.

But an array can be of any number of dimensions and each dimension is a matrix. The basic data structure in R is the vector. It comes in two parts: They have three common properties:. Learn R Vectors in detail.

What is an Atomic vector and how many types of atomic vectors are present in R? The atomic vector is the simplest R data type. There are four types of atomic vectors are present in R:. When two vectors of different length are involved in an operation then the elements of the shorter vector are reused to complete the operation. This is How To Write Symbols In Xfig element recycling. The elements 2 and 4 are repeated. Lists are the object which Contains elements of different types — like strings, numbers, vectors and another list inside it.

A list can also contain a matrix or a function as its elements. The List is created using list Function. In other words, a list is a generic vector containing other objects. For Example, The variable x is containing copies of three vectors n, s, b and a numeric value 3.

R Plot PCH Symbols Chart Following is a chart of PCH symbols used in R plot. When the PCH is , the parameter "col=" and "bg=" should be specified. Drawing in IM is the way to add new elements to an existing image. While a lot of text drawing is covered in the examples page for Compound Font Effects, and in Image. Availability. The master ftp site for GraphicsMagick distributions is ftp://cocktail24.info Bandwidth on this site . Top R Interview Questions and Answers cover Basic R Interview Questions for Freshers and Advanced R Interview Questions for Experienced for R Interview. GraphicsMagick News. This file was last updated on December 9, Please note that this file records news for the associated development branch and that each.

Learn more about R Lists in detail. A function is a piece of code written to carry out a specified task. In R, functions are objects in How To Write Symbols In Xfig own right.

Hence, we can work with them exactly the same way we work with any other type of object. An R function is been created using the keyword function. R has three object-oriented OO systems: S3 implements a style of object-oriented programming called generic-function OO. Packages are collections of R functionsdata, and compiled just click for source in a well-defined format.

The directory where packages are stored is called the library. R comes with a standard set of packages. Others are available for download and installation. Once installed, they have to be loaded into the session to be used. Learn more about R Packages in detail. Name the functions which helps in importing data from other applications in R? R Functions for Probability Distributions. Every distribution that R handles has four functions.

There is a root name, for example, the root name for the normal distribution is the norm. This root is prefixed by one of the letters. In R, a function is a piece of code written to carry out a specified task.

R Functions are called as objects because we can work with them exactly the same way we work with any other type of object. Vector functions are those functions which we used in vectors.

Learn more about R vector Functions in detail. We can use the rep function in several ways if we want to repeat the complete vector. To repeat the vector c 0, 0, 7 three times, use this code:.

## LaTeX Programming : 021 : Special Symbols Part 1 of 2

In seq, we use the argument length. For Example, We use the colon operator: You can specify the length of the sequence by using the argument out. R calculates the step size itself.

For Example We can make a vector of nine values going from —2. The any and all functions are shortcuts because they report any or all their arguments are TRUE. Suppose that R executes the following: But, many base R function was already written in C.