This is a tutorial for some of the fonts and tools that can be used for writing in Tengwar click a Windows PC.
Direct links to some notes in the text: This tutorial will show how the TengwarJ. Tolkien's Elvish letters can be used under Windows. We will use Daniel Smith's Tengwar fonts and compatible ones.
First, we consider the problems of encoding and typing Tengwar, and the support that is available from software tools. After that, examples of using some of the tools are given. The text is primarily targeted for readers with little or no previous experience in using the Tengwar.
On the other hand, I will not try to teach how the writing system itself works, only to demonstrate how to input characters. Sources for learning about Tengwar are suggested in the section Further reading.
Aug 10, · Edit Article How to Write in Elvish. Three Methods: Understanding the Basics of Tolkien’s Elvish Writing a Word in Quenya Studying Elvish Further. Online English to Elvish Engraving Translator translation and writing of elvish language or elvish names but we offer this translator free of charge for. Elen, Eleni, Elenion - Quenya word for 'Star' (Elenion is the collective plural). Elenya - 'Stars'-day'. The first day of the Elvish week. Emyn - Sindarin word for 'Hills', plural of Amon. Endari - 'Middle-day', the middle of the year in the Elvish calendar. Endóre - Quenya word for 'Middle-earth'. Ennor - Sindarin word for 'Middle-earth'. Used to write. A number of different languages of Middle-Earth, such as: Quenya, Qenya or High-Elven, the most prominent language of the Amanya branch of the Elvish language family. Tolkien complied the "Qenya Lexicon", his first list of Elvish words, in at the age of 23 and continued to refine the language throughout his life. Mar 25, · How to Write in Elvish the Simple Way. also would like to advise its readers that there are many ways to write English words in Elvish.
Some of the tools that are introduced here can in fact be used without knowing much about the Tengwar, but the user should be aware of their limitations. For most languages, automatic transcription from the Latin alphabet to Tengwar cannot be completely accurate. In particular, Tolkien's methods for writing English in Tengwar are not easy to reproduce by a software tool. The orthographies he invented were often influenced by both the traditional spelling of English and the actual pronunciation, which causes problems when these two do not have a straightforward relationship.
The Elvish languages are simpler in this respect, but occasional etymological spellings complicate things. Tengwar is the most prominent of Tolkien's invented writing systems. The name can be translated as "letters", which is why I will mostly use it as a plural word. The best known example is undoubtedly the Ring-inscription from The Lord of the Rings. The Tengwar also appear in the illustration for the Moria gate, and Appendix E of the novel contains a detailed description of the system.
The angular letters on Balin's tomb, however, are Cirth "runes"and will not be discussed here. In their fictional setting, the Tengwar came to be known in a wide geographic area, and were used for writing many Elvish and non-Elvish languages. As is to be expected, each language had a somewhat different orthography, or even several of How To Write Elvish Words.
These orthographies, the different ways of applying the letters and signs for representing sounds, are known as modes.
Using a keyboard designed for the Latin alphabet for writing in any of these modes How To Write Elvish Words far from ideal. The situation is complicated further by the relatively free nature of the writing system, because a letter can potentially have very different sound values in different modes.
This is a problem to a font maker. To what code positions should the letters be assigned, so that the font is easy to use? In the mapping developed by Daniel Smith, which we use in this tutorial, the placement of letters on the keyboard actually has no connection http://cocktail24.info/blog/safe-buy-term-paper-online.php any of their possible source values.
The author explains the solution and its reasons in more detail in his FAQ, under the question "Why is the Tengwar letter for 'B' not found at 'B' on the keyboard? An additional techical problem is caused by the heavy use of additional symbols that are placed above or below letters.
These symbols, called tehtar "signs", singular tehtaindicate vowels in some modes, and are also used to abbreviate frequent consonant combinations. How To Write Elvish Words full letters that is, tengwarsingular tengwa come in many widths, so there must be a way to produce properly aligned tengwa-tehta pairs.
In the fonts we will discuss, this is done by first inserting the tengwa and then adding a separate tehta character that has an appropriate negative offset. There are variants of each tehta for different tengwa widths, plus some extra variants for special letter-shapes.
The tools that are introduced in the next section offer various solutions for creating Tengwar inscriptions and documents. All of them solve the tengwa-tehta alignment problem by automatically selecting the appropriate tehta variant.
Some go further by implementing mode-specific transcription rules, so that the user can mostly write according to the normal Latin spelling of the language in question. The choice of input method probably depends on the exact needs of the user, such as the length of the text and availability of support for the mode to be used.
We will utilise the TrueType fonts that use the encoding originally created by Daniel Smith. The following fonts of this type were known to me at the time of the latest update.
They are available as freeware or postcardware. Most of the newer fonts are in practice fully compatible with Daniel Smith's originals. A few individual characters may be different or missing, but these are usually described in each font's documentation. An exception to this is Tengwar Cursive, which only contains only the most frequently needed letters and symbols.
Some of the omissions may cause problems: If you are not familiar with installing fonts under Windows, see the links to instructions at Font Freak. You are also going to need an unzip program like WinZip or FreeZip.
How to speak Elvish
A number of other Tengwar fonts in TrueType and other formats are available, but they use different key mappings, and the instructions given here do not apply to them.
As far the selection of letters and symbols is concerned, the fonts listed above with the exception of Tengwar Cursive should be quite enough for most purposes. Transcriber programs take a text written in Latin letters as their input. When the user specifies a mode, the transcriber determines, using a set of transcribing rules for the selected mode, how the text should be written in Tengwar. It then produces the correct string of characters to represent that spelling in Daniel Smith's fonts. For example, when asked to transcribe the Quenya word quanta 'full' according to the Quenya mode, it would determine that.
The output would probably then be zE4which looks like this when shown in Tengwar Quenya:. With Tavultesoft Keymanone can create "keyboards" that map keypresses to characters using user-defined rules. The keyboards can be used with word processors and other applications. Because surrounding characters can be taken into account in the conversion, it is possible to create keyboards that do the same things as dedicated Tengwar transcribers.
The Keyman runtime for using keyboards is free for personal use, while Keyman Developer the editor is shareware. Currently the keyboard selection compatible with Daniel Smith's fonts is not as extensive as with TengScribe mode files. Unfortunately it seems that distributing keyboards created with a trial version of Keyman is more or less forbidden; these keyboards gave me warnings to that effect when installed.
For this example, we need to have at least some of the fontsas well as The Tengwar Scribeinstalled. All the necessary instructions for using TengScribe are included with the program, but to explain the idea very briefly: The image has been created using Tengwar Cursive, except for the flame-like symbols in the beginning and end of the first line.
These symbols are not found in the font. Tolkien's original picture Write My Top Essay the inscription can be found in the chapter "The How To Write Elvish Words of the Past". In that chapter we also hear Gandalf tell Frodo that the language of the writing "is that of Mordor". In "The Council of Elrond" we find the text itself that we should type into the Source Pane, that is, the following:. It might seem logical to select Tengwar Cursive as the font for the Target Pane, since it has a style similar to the Ring-inscription.
That font, however, has a few compatibility problems which would make this example more complicated. Therefore, select some other font for the Target Pane, Tengwar Quenya for example, and hit the transcribe button.
The result should How To Write Elvish Words something like this: The bottom line is missing a space, and punctuation is not quite identical to the How To Write Elvish Words, but otherwise this is already a very accurate representation of the writing on the Ring. The rest of this section deals with things that are specific to the Tengwar Cursive font. You might want to skip it and move on to the next example. A frequently asked question about TengScribe: If you get something like AE5,Ex26Y etc.
Click the pane so that it has the cursor and select one of the Tengwar fonts from the font list on the left.
If there are no Tengwar fonts in the list, see About installing fonts above. The panes work like any typical word processor you can paint an area and change its font, and so on.
A possible problem in Windows and How To Write Elvish Words The rich text controls in these Windows versions seem to have trouble displaying the tehtar. An empty space is shown after each tehta, which makes the text look broken. If the program you are using does this, copying the text to a full-featured word processor should make it look as intended. Graphics programs from Paint to Photoshop are also likely to work fine thanks to Jelle for pointing this out.
We will now make some small changes to the inscription to make it look more like Tolkien's original. This also gives me a chance to explain a few peculiarities of my own font. These notes apply to the version 1.
Let us first change the font of link text to Tengwar Cursive. With the space added, the text looks like this: The main problem is that the curls on top of the letters just before the spaces on both lines are not doubled as they should be. In fact the inscription still has two curls to mark each doubled curl, but they are placed so that they overlap completely. Tengwar Cursive has a special symbol for the doubled curl which is not included How To Write Elvish Words the other fonts.
By looking at the. As you will notice, the tehtar are implemented as characters with a width of zero, which can make it hard to tell if the cursor is on the right or the left side of a particular symbol. Other improvements that could be made include:. Finally, here is my suggestion for the character string to use for writing the Ring-inscription with Tengwar Cursive:. After installation, your Word has a toolbar with five buttons that represent different modes. Refer to the instructions that come with the package click to see more details.
Suppose we want to write the name John Smith in Tengwar.