It shares land borders with India and Myanmar Burma.
How to Write Bangla in Any Software (Photoshop, AE, Premiere Pro, Camtasia....)
NepalBhutan source China are located near Bangladesh but do not share a border with it.
The country's maritime territory in the Bay of Bengal is roughly equal to the size of its land area. Dhaka is its capital and largest city, followed by Chittagongwhich has the country's largest port.
Bangladesh forms the largest and easternmost part of the Bengal region. Most of Bangladesh is covered by the Bengal deltathe largest delta on Earth.
Highlands with evergreen forests are found in the northeastern and southeastern regions of the country. Bangladesh has many islands and a coral reef. The longest unbroken sea beach, Cox's Bazar Beach is located here. It is home to the Sundarbansthe largest mangrove forest in the world.
The country's biodiversity includes a vast array of plant and wildlife, including endangered Bengal tigersthe national animal. The Greeks and Romans identified the region as Gangaridaia powerful kingdom of the historical subcontinentin the 3rd century BCE. Archaeological research has unearthed several ancient cities in Bangladesh, which enjoyed international trade links for millennia.
The region was home to many principalities that made use of their inland naval prowess. As part of British Indiasee more region was influenced by the Bengali renaissance and played an important role in anti-colonial movements. A presidential government was in place between andfollowed by a return to parliamentary democracy.
The country continues to face challenges in the areas of povertyeducationhealthcare and corruption. Bangladesh is a middle power and a developing nation. Listed as one of the Next Elevenits economy ranks 46th in terms of nominal gross domestic product GDP and 29th in terms of purchasing power parity PPP.
It is one of the largest textile exporters in the world. With its strategically vital location between Southern, Eastern and Southeast Asia, Bangladesh is an important promoter of regional connectivity and cooperation.
Bangladesh is one of the largest contributors to United Nations peacekeeping forces. Starting in the s, Thesis A Go Should Where nationalists used the term in political rallies in East Pakistan. The term Bangla is a major name for both the Bengal region and the Bengali language. The term Vangaladesa is found in 11th century South Indian records. The term gained official status during the Sultanate of Bengal in the 14th century.
The Portuguese referred to the region as Bengala in the 16th century. Stone Age tools found in Bangladesh indicate human habitation for over 20, years, How To Write Bangladesh In Bengali and remnants of Copper How To Write Bangladesh In Bengali settlements date back 4, years. By the 11th century people lived in systemically-aligned housing, buried their dead, and manufactured copper ornaments and black and How To Write Bangladesh In Bengali pottery.
The early Iron Age saw the development of metal weaponry, coinageagriculture and irrigation. Greek and Roman records of the ancient Gangaridai Kingdom, which according to legend deterred the invasion of Alexander the Greatare linked to the fort city in Wari-Bateshwar.
These states had well-developed currencies, banking, shipping, architecture and art, and the ancient universities of Bikrampur and Mainamati hosted scholars and students from other parts of Asia.
The etymology of Bangladesh (Country of Bengal) can be traced to the early 20th century, when Bengali patriotic songs, such as Namo Namo Namo Bangladesh Momo by . Bengali or Bengalese may refer to something of, from, or related to: Bengal, South Asia's Bengali language dominated region Bangladesh, a sovereign country. Bangladesh Bengali is the national language of Bangladesh where it is spoken as a first language by million, and as a second language by 20 million speakers. English to Bengali Translation; Bangladesh search engine Blogs Principal Differences Between British and American English . Please note that this is an archived page. Click here for the current version. This page not updated or checked for accuracy as frequently as the greetings pages, and.
Xuanzang of China was a noted scholar who resided at the Somapura Mahavihara the largest monastery in ancient Indiaand Atisa traveled from Bengal to Tibet to preach Buddhism.
The earliest form of the Bengali language began to the emerge How To Write Bangladesh In Bengali the eighth century.
Early Muslim explorers and missionaries arrived in Bengal late in the first millennium CE. The Islamic conquest of Bengal began with the invasion by Bakhtiar Khilji ; after annexing Bengal to the Delhi SultanateKhilji waged a military campaign in Tibet.
Bengal was ruled by the Delhi Sultanate for a century by governors from the KhiljiMamlukBalban and Tughluq dynasties. During the 14th century, an independent Bengal Sultanate was established by rebel governors. The sultanate's ruling houses included the Ilyas ShahiJalaluddin Muhammad ShahHussain ShahiSuri and Karrani dynastiesand the era saw the introduction of a distinct mosque architecture  and the tangka currency.
How To Write Bangladesh In Bengali Arakan region was brought under Bengali hegemony. During the late 16th century, the Baro-Bhuyan a confederation of Muslim and Hindu aristocrats ruled eastern Bengal; its leader was the Mansad-e-Ala,  a title held by Isa Khan and his son Musa Khan.
The Khan dynasty are considered local heroes for resisting North Indian invasions with please click for source river navies.
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The Mughal Empire controlled Bengal by the 17th century. During the reign of How To Write Bangladesh In Bengali Akbarthe Bengali agrarian calendar was reformed to facilitate tax collection. The Mughals established Dhaka as a fort city and commercial metropolis, and it was the capital of Mughal Bengal for 75 years. Mughal Bengal attracted foreign traders for its muslin and silk goods, and the Armenians were a notable merchant community.
A Portuguese settlement in Chittagong flourished in the southeast, and a Dutch settlement in Rajshahi existed in the north. During the 18th century, the Nawabs of Bengal became http://cocktail24.info/blog/an-essay-risks-to-be.php region's de facto rulers.
The Nawabs forged alliances with European colonial How To Write Bangladesh In Bengali, which made the region relatively prosperous early in the century. The Bengali Muslim population was a product of conversion and religious evolution,  and their pre-Islamic beliefs included elements of Buddhism and Hinduism. The construction of mosques, Islamic academies madrasas and Sufi monasteries khanqahs facilitated conversion, and Islamic cosmology played a significant role in developing Bengali Muslim society.
Scholars have theorized that Bengalis were attracted to Islam by its egalitarian social order, which contrasted with the Hindu caste system. Syncretic cults, such as article source Baul movement, emerged on the fringes of Bengali Muslim society. The Persianate culture was significant in Bengal, where cities like Sonargaon became the easternmost centers of Persian influence.
The company formed the Presidency of Fort Williamwhich administered the region until A notable aspect of company rule was the Permanent Settlementwhich established the feudal zamindari system.
A number of famines, including the great Bengal famine ofoccurred under company rule. Several rebellions broke out during the early 19th century including one led by Titumirbut British rule displaced the Muslim ruling class. A conservative Islamic cleric, Haji Shariatullahsought to overthrow the British by propagating Islamic revivalism.
Several towns in Bangladesh participated in the Indian Mutiny and pledged allegiance to the last Mughal How To Write Bangladesh In Bengali, Bahadur Shah Zafarwho was later exiled to neighboring Burma. The challenge posed to company rule by the failed Indian Mutiny led to the creation of the British Indian Empire as a crown colonyand the first railway was built in During the late 19th century, novelists, social reformers and feminists emerged from Muslim Bengali society.
Electricity and municipal water systems were introduced in the s; cinemas opened in many towns during the early 20th century. East Bengal's plantation economy was important to the British Empire, particularly its jute and tea. The British established tax-free river portssuch as the Port of Narayanganjand large seaports like the Port of Chittagong.
Social tensions also increased under British rule, particularly between wealthy Hindus and the Muslim-majority population. The Permanent Settlement made millions of Muslim peasants tenants of Hindu estates, and resentment of the Hindu landed gentry grew.
However, the first partition of Bengal created an uproar in Calcutta and the Indian National Congress. The British government reorganized the provinces inreuniting East and West Bengal and making Assam a second province. The Raj was slow to allow self-rule in the colonial subcontinent. It established the Bengal Legislative Council inand the council's native Bengali representation increased during the early 20th century. The Bengal Provincial Muslim League was formed in to advocate civil rights for Bengali Muslims within a constitutional framework.
During the s, the league was divided into factions supporting the Khilafat movement and favoring cooperation with the British to achieve self-rule. Segments of the Bengali elite supported Mustafa Kemal Ataturk secularist forces. After the Morley-Minto Reforms and the diarchy era in the legislatures of British Indiathe British government promised limited provincial autonomy in Although it won a majority of seats inthe Bengal Congress boycotted the legislature.
In Huq supported the Lahore Resolutionwhich envisaged independent states in the northwestern and eastern Muslim-majority regions of the subcontinent. The first Huq ministry, a coalition with the Bengal Provincial Muslim League, lasted until ; it was followed by a Huq coalition with the Hindu Mahasabha which lasted until Huq was succeeded by Khawaja Nazimuddinwho grappled with the effects of the Burma Campaignthe Bengal famine of and the Quit India movement.
Inthe Bengal Provincial Muslim League won the provincial election, taking click to see more the seat assembly the largest Muslim League mandate in British India. Suhrawardywho made a final futile effort for a United Bengal inwas the last premier of Bengal. At the preliminary joint meeting, it was decided votes to 90 that if the province remained united it should join the Constituent Assembly see more Pakistan.
At a separate meeting of legislators from West Bengalit was decided 58 votes to 21 that the province should be partitioned and West Bengal should join the Constituent Assembly of India. At another meeting of legislators from East Bengalit was decided votes to 35 that the province should not be partitioned and votes to 34 that East Bengal should join the Constituent Assembly How To Write Bangladesh In Bengali Pakistan if Bengal was partitioned.
Cyril Radcliffe was tasked with drawing the borders of Pakistan and India, and the Radcliffe Line established the borders of present-day Bangladesh. The Dominion of Pakistan was created on 14 August East Bengal, with Dhaka its capital, was the most populous province of the Pakistani federation led by Governor General Muhammad Ali Jinnahwho promised freedom of religion and secular democracy in the new state.
Partition gave increased economic opportunity to East Bengalis, producing an urban population during the s.
The United Front coalition swept aside the Muslim League in a landslide victory in the East Bengali legislative election. Pakistan adopted its first constitution in Three Bengalis were its Prime Minister until Nazimuddin, Mohammad Ali of Bogra and Suhrawardy. None of the three completed their terms, and resigned from office. The Pakistan Army imposed military rule inHow To Write Bangladesh In Bengali Ayub Khan was the country's strongman for 11 years.
Political repression increased after the coup. Khan introduced a new constitution inreplacing Pakistan's parliamentary system with a presidential and gubernatorial system based on electoral college selection known as Basic Democracy. In Dhaka became the seat of the National Assembly of Pakistana move seen as appeasing increased Bengali nationalism. According to senior World Bank officials, Pakistan practiced extensive economic discrimination against East Pakistan: General Yahya Khan assumed power, reintroducing martial law.