article source Traditionalists Underestimate Western Civ.
The fragility thesis is flat wrong. There is absolutely no reason to think that Western civilization is more fragile than Asian civilization, Islamic civilization, or any other prominent rivals. At minimum, Western civilization can and does perpetuate itself the standard way: But saying that Western civilization is no more fragile than other cultures is a gross understatement. The truth is that Western civilization is taking over the globe.
In virtually any fair fight, it steadily triumphs. Because, as fans of Western civ ought to know, Western civ is better.
I. Someone recently linked me to Bryan Caplan’s post A Hardy Weed: How Traditionalists Underestimate Western Civ. He argues that “western civilization”‘s. Early life. Historians believe Subutai was born in the year , probably just west of the upper Onon River in what is now Mongolia. He belonged to the Uriankhai. Welcome to UWF's Writing Lab. Having trouble writing a paper? Having trouble using commas and semicolons, choosing the right pronoun, or making your subjects and. August 6th, Antony and the Johnsons - CUT THE WORLD video Directed by Nabil, staring Willem Dafoe, Carice van Houten and Marina Abramovic. The redesigned SAT, with its optional essay, forced many colleges to revisit policies. A major shift has taken place in essay requirements for the SAT and ACT, and.
Given a choice, young people choose Western consumerism, gender norms, and entertainment. Anti-Western governments from Beijing to Tehran know this this to be true: By the time Western culture commands the globe, it will have appropriated the best features of Asian and Islamic culture. Even its nominal detractors will be Westernized in all but name. Western civ is a good winner. It just tempts them in a hundred different ways see more they tacitly convert.
But do traditionalists seriously believe that freshman Western civ classes are the wall standing between us and barbarism? Have they really failed to notice the fact that Western civilization flourishes all over the globe, even when hostile governments fight it tooth and nail? It is time for the friends of Western civilization to learn a lesson from its enemies: Western civ is a hardy weed. Given half a chance, it survives, spreads, and conquers.
This is an easy distinction to miss, since demons often kill their summoners and wear their skin. I am pretty sure there was, at one point, such a thing as western civilization. I think it involved things like dancing around maypoles and copying Latin manuscripts.
At some point Thor might have been involved. That civilization is dead. It summoned an alien entity from beyond the void which devoured its summoner and is proceeding to eat the rest of the world.
It happens to be western because the West had a technological head start, and so discovered most of the medicine that works first. People who complain about western culture taking over their country always manage to bring up Coca-Cola. But in what sense is Coca-Cola culturally western? But in a world where America never existed, eventually some Japanese or Arabian chemist would have found that sugar-filled fizzy drinks were really tasty.
It was a discovery waiting to be plucked out of the void, like penicillin.
Western TV Series
America summoned it but did not create it. If western medicine is just medicine that works, soda pop is just refreshment that works. They arose because they worked. Yes, Europe has adopted sushi. But so have China, India, and Africa. Maybe every culture is the gradual accumulation of useful environmental adaptations combined with random memetic drift.
But this is usually a gradual process with plenty of room for everybody to adjust and local peculiarities to seep in. The Industrial Revolution caused such rapid change that the process become qualitatively different, a frantic search for better adaptations to an environment that was itself changing almost as fast as people could understand it.
The Industrial Revolution also changed the way culture was spatially distributed. When the fastest mode of transportation is the horse, and the postal system is frequently ambushed by Huns, almost all culture is local culture.
England develops a culture, France develops a culture, Spain develops a culture. Geographic, language, and political barriers keep these from intermixing too much.
Add rapid communication — even at the level of a good postal service — and the equation begins to change. In the 17th century, philosophers were remarking in Latin, the universal language! Improved trade and communication networks created a rapid flow of How The West Was Won Essay from one big commercial center to another.
It happened in the west first, but not in any kind of a black-and-white way. Places were inducted into the universal culture in proportion to their participation in global trade; Shanghai was infected before West Kerry; Dubai is further gone than Alabama. Let me say again that this universal culture, though it started in the West, was western only in the most cosmetic ways.
If China or the Caliphate had industrialized first, they would have click the following article the ones who developed it, and it would have been much the same. The new sodas and medicines and gender norms invented in Beijing or Baghdad would have spread throughout the world, and they would have looked very familiar. The best way How The West Was Won Essay industrialize is the best way to industrialize.
Something Caplan was pointing towards but never really said outright: Universal culture is the collection of the most competitive ideas and products. Coca-Cola spreads because it tastes better than whatever people were drinking before. If there was something that outcompeted Coca-Cola, then that would be the official soda of universal culture and Coca-Cola would be consigned to the scrapheap of history.
Some of those barriers are natural — Tibet survived universalization for a long time because nobody could get to it. Other times there are no natural barriers, and then your choice is to either accept assimilation into universal culture, or put up some form of censorship.
So it becomes a coordination problem: All other cultures are low-entropy; they survive only if someone keeps pushing energy into the system to protect them. It could be the Dalai Lama banning Coca-Cola. It could be the secret police killing anyone who speaks out against Comrade Stalin.
But if you want anything other than universal culture, you better either be surrounded by some very high mountains, or be willing to get your hands dirty. After all, San Francisco is frequently said to have a thriving gay culture. So these groups have all managed to maintain strong cultures while being vastly outnumbered by people who are different from them.
So why is anyone concerned about immigration threatening their culture? Suppose that Tibet was utterly overwhelmed by immigrants, tens of millions of them. But those groups hold on to their cultures just fine. Remember, different strategies can succeed in different equilibria. In a world full of auto-cooperators, defect-bot hits the jackpot. In a world full of tit-for-tat-players, defect-bot crashes and burns.
Likewise, in a world where everybody else follows Tibetan culture, Tibetan culture may do very well. In a world where there are lots of different cultures all mixed together, Tibetan culture might not have any idea what to do. This may work well as long as everyone follows the culture.
Eventually the first culture gives up and stops trying to communicate messages through clothing color. I think universal culture has done a really here job adapting to this through a strategy of social atomization; everybody does their own thing in their own home, and the community exists to protect them and perform some lowest common denominator functions that everyone can agree on.
This is a really good way to run a multicultural society without causing any conflict, but it requires a very specific set of cultural norms and social technologies to work properly, and only universal culture has developed these enough to pull it off. Because universal culture is better at dealing with multicultural societies, the more immigrants there are, the more likely everyone will just default to universal culture in public spaces.
And eventually the public space will creep further and further until universal culture becomes the norm.
A Hopi Indian saddened that her children no longer know the old ritual dances differs little from a Southern Baptist incensed that her kids no longer go to church. Universal values have triumphed over both. Our society is generally in favor of small, far-away, or exotic groups trying to maintain their culture.
We promote black culture, gay culture, et cetera. We think of it as a tragedy when the dominant culture manages to take over go here destroy one of these smaller cultures. We get excited by the story of Bhutanthe tiny Himalayan kingdom trying to preserve its natural and human environment and prevent its own McDonaldization.
We tend to be especially upset when the destruction of cultures happens in the context of colonialism, ie a large and powerful country trying to take over and eliminate the culture of a smaller country. One of the most common justifications for colonialism continue reading that a more advanced and enlightened society is taking over an evil and oppressive society.
For example, when China invaded Tibet, they said that this was because Tibet was a feudal hellhole where most of the people How The West Was Won Essay living in abject slavery and where people who protested the rule of the lamas were punished by having their eyes gouged out true! They say that anyone who opposes the Chinese, supports the Dalai Lama, or flies the old Tibetan flag is allied with the old feudal lords and wants to celebrate a culture based around serfdom and oppression.
N. Scott Momaday Keeper of the Flame "My father was a great storyteller and he knew many stories from the Kiowa oral tradition," says N. Scott Momaday, a Pulitzer. A brief introduction to the basic ideas of Transcendentalism, including the source and context of the ideas. West Side Story () is an energetic, widely-acclaimed, melodramatic musical - a modern-day, loose re-telling of Shakespeare's Romeo. Nov 09, · I cried because it does things to you to always come second.
But opponents of colonialism tend to believe that cultures are valuable and need to be protected in and of themselves. We tend to allow such cultures to resist outside influences, and we even celebrate such resistance. This is true in every case except with the cultures we consider our outgroups — in the US, white Southern fundamentalist How The West Was Won Essay Republicans; in the UK, white rural working-class leave voters.
We can sympathize with foreign cultures like the Tibetans who are actually under threat, but sympathizing with any Western culture in any way would just be legitimizing aggression. For most people, this would mean extending the compassion that they feel to the Aborigines, peasants, and Tibetans to apply to the British as well.
Maybe we should tell the Native Americans that if they embraced global capitalism, they could have a tacqueria, sushi restaurant, and kebab place all on the same street in their reservation.
Maybe we should tell the Aborigines that modern science says the Dreamtime is a myth they need to stop clinging to dumb disproven ideas. Maybe we should tell the Tibetans that Vajrayana Buddhism is too intolerant of homosexuality. On check this out one hand, universal culture is objectively better. Its science is more correct, its economy will grow faster, its soft drinks are more refreshing, its political systems are necessarily freer, and it is in a certain specific sense what everybody would select if given a free choice.
It also seems morally better.