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Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. Preview — Laughter by Henri Bergson. An Essay on the Meaning of the Comic 3. In this great philosophical essay, Henri Bergson explores why people laugh and what laughter means. Written at the turn of the twentieth century, Laughter explores what it is in language that makes a joke funny and what it is in us that makes us laugh.
One of the functions of humor, according to Bergson, is to help us retain our humanity during an age of mechanization. Like In this great philosophical essay, Henri Bergson explores why people laugh and what Henri Bergson Essay Laughter means. Like other philosophers, novelists, poets, and humorists of his era, Bergson was concerned with the duality of man and machine. His belief in life as a vital impulse, indefinable by reason alone, informs his perception of comedy as the relief we experience upon distancing ourselves from the mechanistic and materialistic.
Our laughter is always the laughter of a group. Paperbackpages.
46 results for "henri bergson, laughter" Laughter: An Essay On The Meaning Of The Comic An Essay on the Meaning of Comic by Henri Bergson () $ The Paperback of the Laughter - An Essay on the Meaning of the Comic by Henri Bergson at Barnes & Noble. FREE Shipping on $25 or more!. In this great philosophical essay, Henri Bergson explores why people laugh and what laughter means. Written at the turn of the twentieth century, Laughter explores. The complete text of Laughter: An Essay on the Meaning of Comic.
Published September 13th by Dover Publications first published May To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. To ask other readers questions about Laughterplease sign up. Lists with This Book. Nov 05, Trevor rated it it was amazing Shelves: This is a really interesting read. That is, I was expecting to be bored out of my mind.
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This was anything but boring, though. He starts by saying that humour is essentially social. He makes an awful lot of this little idea. It is also available from Project Gutenberg. He says they are in fact acting in a mechanical way. Being human is fluid and implies change and adjustment to meet the needs of the moment. Tripping, then, is symbolic of all more info that are less than human. It is the runner going on mechanically, despite it causing them to fall, that we find funny.
He sees the equation, person as machine equals funny as a motif that is repeatedly available in our humour. And not just in slapstick humour, but also in verbal and situational humour too. We find stereotypes funny because they can be relied upon to act in a way that will be mindlessly followed or carried Henri Bergson Essay Laughter according to a kind of rule — and acting according to a rule is essentially acting mechanically.
There is a really interesting point at which he says that humour must appeal to reason, and not the emotions. Now, this brings us to the difference between comedy and tragedy.
And this was the crowning moment of the essay for me. Comedy tends to deal with the general. It is possible, and in fact likely, that a comedy will be named after a general noun — The Sleepwalker or The Bridegroom, where as a tragedy will be named after a proper noun — Hamlet, Othello Comedy is about types, recognisable and easily identifiable types who act out their behaviours according to their type.
Ironically, even though it is only the human we find funny, it is this particularly non-human aspect of the human that amuses us. Animals are only funny in so far as they remind us of humans. But humans are funny when they are least human. With tragedy we are always dealing with a very particular person. It is their individuality that makes them tragic. Even when the title of the play is quite general, The Death of a Salesman, say Henri Bergson Essay Laughter the play can only really work as a tragedy in so far as the salesman, the main focus of the play, is not left as a caricature, but is given real depth of characterisation.
Think of Hamlet and three hundred years of psychological arguments about his endlessly complex character. Now think of Falstaff. View all 26 comments.
His humor does not translate well in other languages; his observations on German conservatism can be misinterpreted. I remember a few years back when my favorite television comedy, Fawlty Towerswas going to premiere in Germany—dubbed, of course—and being horrified by how poorly it translated.
My obsessive love for comedy led to me this philosophical nugget. An Essay on the Meaning Henri Bergson Essay Laughter the Comic was published in Despite its age, many of his observations about humor still hold up. A fundamental concept to understand why people laugh is rigidityor as I would call it: When we expect a certain outcome, we can find humor in the unexpected.
This is the essence of great slapstick in many silent movies.
Herbstlaub / Henri Bergson
The opposite is also true. We see humor in events when our expectations do not happen. This type of comedy is universal. It transcends language and culture, but it has its limits. Laughter does not exist in a vacuum; to create and appreciate comedy, to link it to both the intellect and emotion, is uniquely human.
Laughter is a collection of three essays by French philosopher Henri Bergson, first published in It was written in French, the original title is Le Rire. Preface. Laughter: An Essay on the Meaning of Comic By Henri Bergson, member of the Institute Professor at the College de France Authorised Translation by Cloudesley. Laughter - An Essay on the Meaning of the Comic [Henri Louis Bergson, Cloudesley Shovell Henry Brereton] on cocktail24.info *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Please. 4 by Henri Bergson; Laughter: An Essay on the Meaning of the Comic by Henri Bergson. No cover available. Download; Bibrec; Laughter Category: Text: EBook-No. LAUGHTER: AN ESSAY ON THE MEANING OF THE COMIC Henri Bergson Bergson's thinking typifies a peculiarly Gallic tendency to rationalize the apparently ephemeral and.
When we see humor in animals, it is because we infer some human trait or activity in them. We do the same with inanimate objects. We must be able to compare or identify it with something we already understand, a frame of reference, be it experience, context, language or culture, is required. We all have met someone like him. Moreover, cultural context and a frame of reference are needed to Henri Bergson Essay Laughter laughter.
He knew nothing about P. Wodehouse or stand-up comics or cartoons. Diaforius in the Malade imaginaire. I wonder if he ever Henri Bergson Essay Laughter a gasping-for-air, snot-bubble-producing, tear-inducing kind of laugh. What would he have thought about a classic Marx Brothers scene or Groucho's quick quips? Or a classic Bugs Bunny cartoon? Would he have reveled in a classic routine by Bob and Ray?
Would he have have been offended by the stereotyped Inspector Click here But one part of comedy for which he would likely have been unprepared is how important it has become help cope with social and political issues.
This has led to comedians like Jon StewartJon Oliverand Samantha Bee becoming the most honest journalists and social commentators in the U. Similar trends are taking place all over the world, two of my favorites being the characters Erwin Pelzig and Jonathan Pie. View all 13 comments. Jan 06, Joselito Honestly and Brilliantly rated it it was amazing. Philosophers are people who pick the obvious and easy, discuss them, and end up making them difficult and incomprehensible.
We all know, for instance, what "time" 7: But here comes the philosopher who'll say that since time isn't eternity, then there was a time when there was no time, in a place before there were places and spaces, and then somehow at the instant between nothingness and somethingness there was a pure energy as big as Philosophers are people who pick the obvious and easy, discuss them, and end up making them difficult and incomprehensible.
But here comes the philosopher who'll say that since time isn't eternity, then there was a time when there was no time, in a place before there were places and spaces, and then somehow at Henri Bergson Essay Laughter instant between nothingness and somethingness there was a pure energy as big as the smallest head of a pin, which exploded into a big bang, and matter expanded, then cooled, creating time and space, and then your mind tries to visualize these and you are forced to conclude that you really don't know anything at all about time and space.
Millions have died, and thousands are still dying, because of philosophers. One lives and grows up in a quiet place, but the philosopher invents and drums into his head concepts like nationhood contra neighborhood which is the click to see more reality for each individuallove of country and I'm not referring to country musicfather or mother land.
He has neighbors, but the philosopher expands the concept into countrymen and foreigners, us and them. Everyone is born with a harmless, natural sense of wonder but the philosopher messes things up with conflicting ideas about god or his absence, true and false gods, freedom and determinism, the will of god, heathens and the chosen Henri Bergson Essay Laughter, truth, justice, fate and meaninglessness. All these just confuse and make men launch wars with their pointless killings and sufferings, and all the crazy things living species do when they've been discombobulated.
And nothing escapes the philosophers. Do you know what's funny? Make other people laugh? Then you'll be surprised: First, Professor Bergson says here he will not imprison the "comic spirit" which he regards as "a living thing," whatever that means within a definition.
But then he immediately gives his three general observations about the comic--thereby defining it in a way--which observations, to my august mind, are at the very least questionable.
Initially, for example, he says that the comic is "strictly human. Had he ever been a dog?