During this time he brought absolute monarchy to its height, established a glittering court at Versailles, and fought most of the other European countries in four wars.
The early part of his reignwhile Louis was young, was dominated by the chief minister Cardinal Mazarin. In the middle period Louis reigned personally and innovatively, but the last years of his personal rule were beset by problems. He succeeded his father on the throne at the age of four.
However, he was also a neglected child, cared for by servants. Once he almost drowned in a pond because no one was watching him. However, his mother, Anne of Austria who caused the neglect, instilled in him a lasting fear of "crimes committed against God". While his mother Essays On Louis Xiv regent the great nobles and the judges of the parlement of Paris launched a major but uncoordinated revolt the Fronde of in reaction to the centralizing policies of Louis XIII's minister Cardinal Richelieu and his successor, Mazarin.
The royal family was twice driven out of Paris, and at one point Louis XIV and Anne were held under virtual arrest in the royal palace in Paris.
This civil war brought Louis XIV poverty, misfortune, fear, humiliation, cold and hunger. This shaped his character and he would never forgive either Paris, the nobles, or the common people.
Cardinal Mazarin was victorious in and constructed an extraordinary administration for the kingdom. Mazarin finally suppressed the Fronde and restored internal order. The Peace of Westphaliawhich ended the Thirty Years' War, together with the Peace of the Pyreneeswhich concluded prolonged warfare with Spain, made France the leading European power.
On Mazarin's death inLouis astounded his court by becoming his own chief minister, thereby ending the long "reign of the cardinal-ministers.
The king thereafter controlled his own read more until his death, acting through his high state council conseil d'en haut and a few select ministers, whom he called or dismissed at will.
The most famous and powerful of the ministers were Jean Baptiste Colbert in internal affairs and the marquis de Louvois in military matters. Breaking with tradition, Louis excluded from his council members of his immediate family, great princes, and others of the old military nobility noblesse d'epee ; his reliance on the newer judicial nobility noblesse de robe led the duc de Saint-Simon to call this, mistakenly, "the Essays On Louis Xiv of the lowborn bourgeoisie.
The early personal reign of Louis was highly successful in both internal and foreign affairs. At home the parlements lost their traditional power to obstruct legislation; the judicial structure was reformed by the codes of civil procedure and criminal procedurealthough the overlapping and confusing laws were left untouched.
Urban law enforcement was improved by creation of the office of lieutenant general of police for Paris, later imitated in other towns.
Secret Life of Louis XIV
Under Colbert commerce, industry, and overseas colonies were developed by state subsidies, tight control over standards of quality, and high protective tariffs. As controller general of finances, Colbert sharply reduced the annual treasury deficit by economies and more equitable, efficient taxation, although tax exemptions for the nobility, clergy, and some members of the bourgeoisie continued. Colbert and the king shared the idea of glorifying the monarch and monarchy through the arts.
Read this History Other Essay and over 88, other research documents. Louis Xiv of France. Louis XIV of France Louis XIV, France's Sun King, had the longest reign. Louis XIV was only four years old when he succeeded his father to the French throne. Often uncared for, he nearly drowned because no one was watching him as he. Free Essays from Bartleby | When Louis XIV inherited the throne, he was able to serve as his chief minister. When Marazin died in , Louis wanted to take. Louis XIV was an absolute monarch. Absolutism is the system of rule that allows one or more rulers to maintain absolute power over everything in the land.
His state established or developed in rapid succession academies for painting and sculpture link, inscriptionsFrench artists at Romeand sciencefollowed by the Paris Observatory and the academies of architecture and music The literary Academie Francaise also came under formal royal control in Louis Xiv of France.
Retrieved 12,from https: Louis Xiv of France By: Minority Born on Sept. Personal Administration On Mazarin's death inLouis Essays On Louis Xiv his court by becoming his own chief minister, thereby ending the long "reign of the cardinal-ministers.
Free Louis XIV papers, essays, and research papers. Read this History Other Essay and over 88, other research documents. Absolutism and Louis Xiv. An absolute monarch is a ruler by divine right who has control over. Louis XIV In the seventeenth century there were different types of leaders in Europe. The classic monarchial rule was giving way to absolutist rule. Louis Xiv Essays: Over , Louis Xiv Essays, Louis Xiv Term Papers, Louis Xiv Research Paper, Book Reports. ESSAYS, term and research papers available for. Sun King Historians over three centuries have both defended and criticized Louis XIV’s controversial reign. Many people hailed him as a great king; supreme as the.
Period of Glory The early personal reign of Louis was highly successful in both internal and foreign affairs. Read full document Save. Download as for upgraded members.