link combines" class="lazy lazy-hidden alignleft size-full wp-image-974" width="220">In addition to stipulations of non-aggression, the treaty included a secret protocol that divided territories of Romania, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Belarus, Ukraine, and Finland into German and Soviet " spheres of influence ", anticipating potential "territorial and political rearrangements" of these countries.
link Germany invaded Poland on 1st September Stalin waited until 17 September before launching his own invasion of Poland. It was only in that the Soviet Union admitted the existence of the secret protocol of the German-Soviet pact regarding the planned divisions of these territories.
On 22 JuneHitler launched an invasion of the Soviet Union. Stalin was confident that the total Allied war machine would eventually stop Germany,  and with Lend Lease from the West, the Soviets stopped the Wehrmacht some 30 kilometres from Moscow. Over the next four years, the Soviet Union repulsed Axis offensives, such as at the Battle of Stalingrad and the Battle of Kurskand pressed forward to victory in large Soviet offensives, such as the Vistula-Oder Offensive. The Essay On World War 2 Homefront of Soviet fighting took place on the Eastern Front —including a continued war with Finland—but it also invaded Iran August in cooperation with the British and late in the war attacked Japan Augustwith which the Soviets had border wars earlier up until in Stalin met with Winston Churchill and Franklin D.
Roosevelt at the Tehran Conference and began to discuss a two-front war against Germany and the future of Europe after the war. Berlin finally fell in April Fending off the German invasion and pressing to victory in the East required a tremendous sacrifice by the Soviet Union, which suffered the highest military casualties in the war, losing more than 20 million men.
In AugustStalin accepted Hitler's proposal into a non-aggression pact with Germany, negotiated by the foreign ministers Vyacheslav Molotov for the Soviets and Joachim von Ribbentrop for the Germans. The pact was reached two days after the breakdown of Soviet military talks with British and French representatives in August over a potential Franco-Anglo-Soviet alliance. After disagreement regarding Stalin's demand to move Red Army troops through Poland and Romania which Poland and Romania opposed  on 21 August, the Soviets proposed adjournment of military talks using the pretext that the absence of the senior Soviet personnel at the talks interfered with the autumn manoeuvres of the Soviet forces, though the primary reason was the progress being made in the Soviet-German negotiations.
Stalin and Ribbentrop spent most of the night of the pact's signing trading friendly stories about world affairs and cracking jokes a rarity for Ribbentrop about Britain's weakness, and the pair even joked about how the Anti-Comintern Pact principally scared "British shopkeepers. After taking aroundPolish prisoners in and early    NKVD officers conducted lengthy interrogations of the prisoners in camps that were, in effect, a selection process to determine who would be killed.
Blokhinchief executioner for the NKVD, personally shot 6, of the captured Polish officers in 28 consecutive nights, which remains one of the Essay On World War 2 Homefront organized and protracted mass murders by a single individual on record. In AugustStalin declared that he was going to "solve the Baltic problem, and thereafter, forced Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia to sign treaties for "mutual assistance.
After unsuccessfully attempting to install a communist puppet government in Finland, in Novemberthe Soviet Union invaded Finland. After the Tripartite Pact was signed by Axis Powers Germany, Japan and Italy, in OctoberStalin personally wrote to Ribbentrop about entering an agreement regarding a "permanent basis" for their "mutual interests. In an effort to demonstrate peaceful intentions toward Germany, on 13 AprilStalin oversaw the signing of a neutrality Essay On World War 2 Homefront with Japan.
Although similar to the Molotov—Ribbentrop Pact with the Third Reichthat Soviet Union signed Soviet—Japanese Neutrality Pact with the Empire of Japanto maintain the national interest of Soviet's sphere of influence in the European continent as well as the Far East conquest, whilst among the few countries in the world diplomatically recognising Manchukuoand allowed the rise of German invasion in Europe and Japanese aggression in Asia, but the Japanese defeat of Battles of Khalkhin Gol was the forceful factor to the temporary settlement before Soviet invasion of Manchuria in as the result of Yalta Essay On World War 2 Homefront.
While Stalin had little faith in Japan's commitment to neutrality, he felt that the pact was important for its political symbolism, to reinforce a public affection for Germany, before military confrontation when Hitler controlled Western Europe and for Soviet Union to take control Eastern Europe.
During the early morning of 22 JuneHitler terminated the pact by launching Operation Barbarossathe Axis invasion of Soviet-held territories and the Soviet Union that began the war on the Eastern Front. Seven days before the invasion, a Soviet spy in Berlin, part of the Rote Kapelle Red Orchestra spy network, warned Stalin that the movement of German divisions to the borders was to wage war on the Soviet Union.
This is not a 'source' but a dezinformator.
The home front covers the activities of the civilians in a nation at war. World War II was a total war; homeland production became even more invaluable to both the. Women in World War II This Research Paper Women in World War II and other 63,+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on. The Soviet Union signed a non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany on 23 August In addition to stipulations of non-aggression, the treaty included a secret. Category: World War I History; Title: Social, Political and Economic Effects of WWI. WWII General Web Sites; WWII Special Topics; Lesson Plans, Activities, and more; WWII Web Sites. Encyclopedia of the Second World War The Second World War is a.
Viktor Suvorov suggested that Stalin had made aggressive preparations beginning in the late s and was preparing to invade Germany in the summer He believes that Hitler forestalled Stalin and the German invasion was in essence a pre-emptive strikeprecisely as Hitler claimed. Other historians, especially Gabriel Gorodetsky and David Glantzreject this thesis.
In the initial hours after the German attack began, Stalin hesitated, wanting to ensure that the German attack was sanctioned by Hitler, rather than the unauthorised action of a rogue general. Stalin soon quickly made himself a Marshal of the Soviet Unionthen country's highest military rank and Supreme Commander in Chief of the Soviet Armed Forces aside from being Premier and General-Secretary of the ruling Communist Party of the Soviet Union that made him the leader of the nation, as well as the People's Commissar for Defence, which is equivalent to the U.
Secretary of War at that time and the U. Minister of Defence and formed the State Defense Committee to coordinate military operations with himself also as Chairman.
The U.S. Homefront During WWII
He chaired the Stavkathe highest defense organisation of the country. In the first three weeks of the invasion, as the Soviet Union tried to defend itself against large German advances, it sufferedcasualties, and lost 10, tanks and 4, aircraft. This gave him complete control of his country's entire war effort; more control than any other leader in World War II.
A pattern soon emerged where Stalin Essay On World War 2 Homefront the Red Army 's strategy of conducting multiple offensives, while the Germans overran each of the resulting small, newly gained grounds, dealing the Soviets severe casualties. By the end ofthe Soviet military had suffered 4. Even so, according to Glantz, they were plagued by an ineffective defence doctrine against well-trained and experienced German forces, despite possessing some modern Soviet equipment, such as the KV-1 and T tanks.
While the Germans made huge advances inkilling millions of Soviet soldiers, at Stalin's direction the Red Army directed sizable resources to prevent the Germans from achieving one of their key strategic goals, the attempted capture of Leningrad. They held the city at the cost of more than a million Soviet soldiers in the region and more than a million civilians, many of whom died from starvation. While the Germans pressed forward, Stalin was link of an eventual Allied victory over Germany.
In SeptemberStalin told British diplomats that he wanted two agreements: Correctly calculating that Hitler would direct efforts to capture MoscowStalin concentrated his forces to defend the city, including numerous divisions transferred from Soviet eastern sectors after he determined that Japan would not attempt an attack in those areas. In earlythe Soviets began a series of offensives labelled "Stalin's First Essay On World War 2 Homefront Offensives".
The counteroffensive bogged down, in part due to mud from rain in the spring of Some historians have doubted Zhukov's account. At the same time, Hitler was worried about American popular support after the U.
He changed his primary goal from an immediate victory in the East, to the more long-term goal of securing the southern Soviet Union to protect oil fields vital to the long-term German war effort. The German southern campaign began with a push to capture the Crimeawhich ended in disaster for the Red Army. Stalin publicly criticised his generals' leadership. He pledged a campaign of massive strategic bombing, to include German civilian targets.
Estimating that the Russians were "finished," the Germans began another southern operation in the autumn ofthe Battle of Stalingrad. Within a year after Barbarossa, Stalin reopened the churches in the Soviet Union. He may have wanted to motivate the majority of the population who had Christian beliefs.
By changing the official policy of the party and the state towards religion, he could engage the Church and its clergy in mobilising the war effort. He proposed to reestablish the Moscow Patriarchatewhich had been suspended sinceand elect the More info. On 8 SeptemberMetropolitan Sergius was elected Patriarch.
One account said that Stalin's reversal followed a sign that he supposedly received from heaven. I Joe or the British Tommy Atkinsall of which referred to soldiers in general, as the term frontovik was used only to describe those infantrymen who fought at the front.
During training, conscripts woke up between am and training lasted for hours - six days of the week. I promise conscientiously to study military affairs, in every way to protect state secrets and state property, and to my last breath see more be faithful to the people, the Soviet Motherland, and the Workers-Peasants' Government.
I am always prepared on order of the Workers and Peasants Government to rise to the defense of my Motherland, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; and as a fighting man of the Red Army of Workers and Peasants', I promise to defend it bravely, skillfully, with dignity and honor, sparing neither my blood nor my life itself for the achievement of total victory over our enemies. If by evil intent I should violate this, my solemn oath, then let the severe punishment of Soviet law and the total hatred and contempt of the working classes befall me.
Tactics were based on the training manual and the revised edition of When the order Na shturm, marshch! The frontovik usually carried all he had in a simple bag. Discipline was harsh and men could be executed for desertion, treason, cowardice, retreating without orders and ordering a retreat without orders.
Unlike the German and French armies, the Red Army had no system of field brothels and the frontovik were not issued condoms as men in the British and American armies were. The Soviet Union comprised over different peoples, but Russians comprised the majority of the Red Army and Russian was the language of command.
During the war, the atheist propaganda was toned down and Eastern Orthodox priests blessed units going into battle, though chaplains were not allowed. The Soviets repulsed the important German strategic southern campaign and, although 2. Stalin personally told a Polish general requesting information about missing Polish officers that all of the Poles were freed, and that not all could be accounted because the Soviets "lost track" of them in Manchuria.
InStalin ceded to his generals' article source for the Soviet Union to take a defensive stance because of disappointing losses after Stalingrad, a lack of reserves for offensive measures Essay On World War 2 Homefront a prediction that the Germans would likely next attack a bulge in the Soviet front at Kursk such that defensive preparations there would more efficiently use resources.
By the end ofthe Soviets occupied half of the territory taken by the Germans from — Successes at Operation Bagration and in the year that followed were, in large part, due to an operational improve of battlehardened Red Army, which has learned painful lessons from previous years battling the powerful Wehrmacht: To a lesser degree, the success of Bagration was due to a weakened Wehrmacht that lacked the fuel and armament they needed to operate effectively,  growing Soviet advantages in manpower and materials, and the attacks of Allies on the Western Front.
Beginning in the summer ofa reinforced German Army Centre Group did prevent the Soviets from advancing in around Warsaw for nearly half a year.
Other important advances occurred in latesuch as the invasion of Romania in August and Bulgaria. In lateSoviet forces battled fiercely to capture Hungary in the Budapest Offensivebut could not take it, which became a topic so sensitive to Stalin Essay On World War 2 Homefront he refused to allow his commanders to speak of it. To the northeast, the taking of Belarus and western Essay On World War 2 Homefront permitted the Soviets to launch the massive Vistula—Oder Offensivewhere German intelligence had incorrectly guessed the Essay On World War 2 Homefront would have a 3-to-1 numerical superiority advantage that was actually 5-to-1 over 2 million Red Army personnel attackingGerman defendersthe successful Essay On World War 2 Homefront of which resulted in the Red Army advancing from the Vistula River in Poland to the German Oder River in Eastern Germany.
Stalin's shortcomings as a strategist are frequently noted regarding the massive Soviet loss of life and early Soviet defeats. An example of it is the summer offensive ofwhich led to even more losses by the Red Army and the recapture of initiative by the Germans.
Stalin eventually recognised his lack of know-how and relied on his professional generals to conduct the war. Additionally, Stalin was well aware that other European armies had utterly disintegrated when faced with Nazi military efficacy and responded effectively by subjecting his here to galvanising terror and nationalist appeals to patriotism.
He also appealed to the Russian Orthodox church. By AprilGermany faced its last days with 1. Stalin directed the Red Army to move rapidly in a broad front into Germany because he did not believe the Western Allies would hand over territory they occupied, while he made the overriding objective capturing Read more. Some historians argue that Stalin delayed the last final push for Berlin by two months in order to capture other areas for political reasons, which they argue gave the Wehrmacht time to prepare and increased Soviet casualties which exceeded, though this is contested by other historians.
Despite the Soviets' possession of Hitler's remains, Stalin did not believe that his old nemesis was actually dead, a belief that remained for years after the war. Fending off the German invasion and pressing to victory over Nazi Germany in the Second World War required a tremendous sacrifice by the Soviet Union more than any other country in human history. Soviet military casualties totaled approximately 35 million official figures Stalin soon conferred Essay On World War 2 Homefront with the rank of the Generalissimus of the Soviet Unionwhich becomes the country's highest military rank followed by Marshal for his click at this page in the Soviet victory of the war.
His personal military leadership was emphasised as part of the "cult of personality" after the publication of Stalin's ten victories extracted from 6 November speech "27th anniversary of the Great October socialist revolution" Russian: On 16 Augustin attempts to revive a disorganised Soviet defense system, Stalin issued Order No. The order required superiors to shoot these deserters on the spot.
In Juneweeks after the German invasion beganStalin directed that the retreating Red Army also sought to deny resources to the enemy through a scorched earth policy of destroying the infrastructure and food supplies of areas before the Germans could seize them, and that partisans were to be set up in evacuated areas.
Stalin feared that Hitler would use disgruntled Soviet citizens to fight his regime, particularly people imprisoned in the Gulags.