Resources for Tolkienian Linguistics.
The purpose of this page is to provide references to useful, generally reliable, and in my lay opinion as a non-lawyer legal resources for those interested in the study of the invented languages Annotated Bibliography Editor Sites Uk J.
In addition to the general copyright issues associated with the published and unpublished works of any author, legality is further an issue in the study of Tolkien's invented languages because, unlike natural languages, Tolkien's languages are the invention of one man, and thus are his artistic and intellectual property.
As such, they, like his writings published and unpublishedare protected by national and international copyright laws, and by the Estate that Tolkien created expressly for the purpose of ensuring such protections. As author and maintainer of this page, and as respecter of law and of Tolkien's wishes and rights as expressed in the legal Estate he createdI must therefore balance three potentially conflicting principles.
This has thus far generally proven quite easy. Most of the useful and reliable resources also do not violate read more copyright of the Tolkien Estate or of Tolkien's publishersand those that in my lay opinion as a non-lawyer require the Estate's permission for publication have sought and received it. Most of the works published in violation of the rights of the Estate in my lay opinion as a non-lawyer are either so unreliable or otherwise lacking in utility as to warrant no mention here, or are simply verbatim copies of information from Tolkien's published works and so still widely available in legal publication.
Those who wish to see such works, despite the rights of the Tolkien Estate -- to say nothing of respect for the views and wishes of the author whose works have inspired us to this study -- should have no trouble finding such with the aid of a Web search engine. If there is no mention http://cocktail24.info/blog/homework-help-trojan-war.php this page of some work, it is either because Go here judge it to violate one or more of these principles, or because I've simply not seen it.
If in doubt, feel free to contact me. I am not a lawyer, so my assessment of the legality of a work is simply my opinion, based upon my personal, lay understanding of copyright and fair useas well as what I know of the express conditions and positions of the Tolkien Estate on these issues.
For instance, it is my understanding that it is illegal to publish even a single word read article an unpublished Tolkien manuscript without the Estate's permission in accordance with several copyright cases and with the contractual conditions of access to such material imposed by the Estate and the archives and agreed to by all who are granted access.
It is in any event obviously against the wishes of the Tolkien Estate that any such publication be made, so even if the legality of this act is arguable, my opinion of such an act is not, and I won't support or condone it. Likewise, publication of more than a bare fraction of a single published work, or of a substantial word-list or dictionary drawn from one or more of Tolkien's languages as represented in published worksdoes not, in my lay opinion as a non-lawyer and in that of the Estate as expressed to me, enjoy Fair Use protection.
The listing of a resource on this page should not be taken as a blanket endorsement of its entire contents. And in no case should the content of this site be Annotated Bibliography Editor Sites Uk as an Annotated Bibliography Editor Sites Uk either of endorsement or disapprobation by the Tolkien Estate, or by any entity other than myself.
The following is an annotated list of the principal primary texts for a study of Tolkien's invented languages.
Mentor Services and Organizations that Specialize in Mentoring: We have personally visited all these sites or they have requested a listing in this Directory. Resources for Tolkienian Linguistics. An Annotated Guide. Purpose and Principles. The purpose of this page is to provide references to useful, generally reliable. Last Updated 6 January Currently 1, Titles PRIORY OF SION BIBLIOGRAPHY ‘Children of The Holy Blood and The Holy Grail’ English Language Books. Bibliography. The complete and official bibliography of Judith F. Baca: Table of Contents. A. Completed Artworks. B. Unpublished Work. C. Mural Restoration.
A standard citation abbreviation for each work in parentheses follows each title. All works are by J. Tolkien, unless otherwise indicated. A short list of other booksellers I've found to be useful is given near the end of this page. The History of Middle-earth series HoMe:. The journal Parma Eldalamberon regularly publishes new primary materials from the Tolkien manuscript archives. The journal Vinyar Tengwar also regularly publishes new primary materials from the Tolkien manuscript archives.
The newsletter Beyond Bree first published the so-called "Plotz Declension", the c. The full text of this letter was first published in Vinyar Tengwar 6. The letter is also presented in full in Nancy Martsch's Basic Quenya. The journal Mythlore has published a reproduction of an early, manuscript chart of the Gondolinic Runes, with an analysis by Continue reading Nolan Hyde see issues 69 and Mythlore has also published Paul Hyde's edition of the complete text of the very early c.
These are now superseded by the publication of a facsimile of the " Narqelion " manuscript together with a new analysis by Christopher Gilson in Vinyar Tengwar no. The bulletin Quettar has published two charts presenting a version of the Tengwar numerals see issues 13 and The bulk of Tolkien's vast literary and scholarly Annotated Bibliography Editor Sites Uk legacy is deposited with the Bodleian Library in Oxford, England. The Bodleian Library maintains a Web site at http: Marquette University Special Collections - J.
Bliss are housed at Marquette University in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
APA-MLA Annotated Bibliography: Complete Guide to the Annotated Bib Part 4
Marquette University maintains a Special Collections - J. Tolkien Web site at http: For permission to publish previously unpublished material by Tolkien, or to quote or otherwise republish a substantial amount of previously published material by Tolkien, contact the Solicitor for the Tolkien Estate:.
The Publishing Director for Tolkien's properties with his British publisher is:. HarperCollins UK maintains click to see more Web Annotated Bibliography Editor Sites Uk at http: The agent for Tolkien's properties with his American publisher is:.
Mab Grey Houghton Mifflin Co. Books may be ordered directly from Houghton Mifflin by calling Houghton Mifflin maintains a Web site at http: The following is an annotated list of the principal secondary texts for a study of Tolkien's invented languages.
Helge offers the most up-to-date and accurate account of Neo-Quenya that is, a synthetic and regularized form of Quenya formed by the selective piecing-together of evidences from across decades of Tolkien's successive versions and elaborations of Quenya as a series of graded courses.
The course is presented in a series of RTF text files. Highly recommended as an introduction to more rigorous and detailed study of Tolkien's own Quenya s. Thorsten offers an alternative account of Neo-Quenya, also as a series of graded courses presented in a gzipped PDF file. Pedin Edhellin - a Sindarin Course. Thorsten offers the most up-to-date and accurate web-based account of Neo-Sindarin that is, a synthetic and regularized form of Sindarin formed by the selective piecing-together of evidences from across decades of Tolkien's successive versions and elaborations of Noldorin and Sindarin as a series of graded courses in a gzipped PDF file.
Highly recommended as an introduction to more rigorous and detailed study of Tolkien's own Sindarin s. For the problematic and illusory nature of both Neo-Quenya and Neo-Sindarin as anything other than an approximation and introduction to the study of Tolkien's own linguistic inventions, see the Tolkienian Linguistics FAQ. An Introduction to Elvish. Edited by Jim Allan. Bran's Head Books,reprint ; pp. Although written before The Silmarillion was published, this remains the best and most reliable book on Tolkien's invented languages, a testimony to the scholarship of the various authors.
An Introduction to Elvish is now perhaps most easily available to American readers from Amazon.
This is a tutorial introduction to Quenya. Simplification of the grammar has led to occasional errorsbut its graded approach, with cumulative vocabulary and series of exercises, makes this a good invitation to further, more accurate and rigorous study such as the online Quenya Course by Helge Fauskanger above.
A Gateway to Sindarin. This book presents an exhaustive synthesis and systematization of what is more accurately termed "Neo-Sindarin": As such, the book misrepresents itself throughout, and even in its very title to anyone looking for a reliable examination and presentation of Tolkien's own Sindarin, but if the Annotated Bibliography Editor Sites Uk nature of Salo's "Sindarin" is borne in mind throughout, and if the reader assiduously checks the sources against all of Salo's Annotated Bibliography Editor Sites Uk and supposed data that is, where the data are not fabricated by Salo, and to the extent allowed by Salo's sparse and often misleading citation of sourcesthis book can be useful for the student as an introduction to a more accurate and detailed study of Tolkien's own Sindarin s.
For more on the problematic nature of this book and its unscholarly practices see the following reviews:. The following works are all by Paul Nolan Hyde:. Some or all of these are available on disk DOS. For information on availability, cost, etc. Quettar has published Anthony Appleyard's dictionaries of the "minor" languages e.
Parma is a journal of linguistic studies of fantasy literature, especially of the Elvish languages and nomenclature in just click for source works of J. It is published at irregular intervals as sufficient material becomes available. Parma is sold on a per-issue basis; some back issues are available. For futher information, visit the Parma Eldalamberon web page at http: Quettar is a tri-annual journal of Tolkienian linguistics.
According to its editor, Quettar is "in a state of suspended hibernation". You are strongly advised to contact Julian at jcb dcs. A four-issue subscription to Quettar costs:. The editor of Quettar can be reached at:. VT is indexed by the Modern Language Association.
Automatically formats, alphabetize, and prints bibliographies for free. Annotated Bibliography of Works on Extensive Reading in a Second Language. Arranged in Alphabetical Order. Liu, I., & Young, S. S. (). An exploration of. BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard. cocktail24.info: rusko matuli: books, biogs, Visit cocktail24.info's Rusko Matuli Page and shop for all Rusko Matuli books. bibliography, biography and community. As the name suggests, it is run for both Sports and Social purposes and it enjoys good facilities to reflect this. The Club site has recently undergone major.
The list, despite its title, is not specifically limited to Elvish languages; discussion of Mannish and Dwarvish tongues, of the so-called "minor" languages, and of proto-languages derived by reconstruction based on the published languages, is encouraged. To subscribe, send an empty message to elfling-subscribe yahoogroups. The Elfling archives are accessible on the Web at http: The Lambengolmor list exists to serve those interested in the scholarly study and discussion of the invented languages of J.
This list is strictly moderated by yours truly. All posts must Annotated Bibliography Editor Sites Uk concerned with Tolkien's invented languages. Members of the E. For more details, see Lambengolmor List information page. To subscribe, send an empty message to lambengolmor-subscribe yahoogroups. The Lambengolmor archives are accessible on the Web at http: The TolkLang list is a forum for discussion of the linguistic aspects of J.
This covers everything from Elvish vocabulary and grammar to his use of Old English. The list is lightly moderated by the editor of Quettar.
TolkLang may be received normally, or as a weekly digest. To subscribe, send a message containing the line in subject or message-body. The TolkLang archives are accessible on the Web at http: Recommended Reading and Resources in Linguistics. Books marked with are recommended for beginners; those marked with are recommended for all as particularly useful reference works; and those marked with are recommended as particularly valuable, though advanced, works.
Books that greatly influenced Tolkien's linguistic invention. It was in the pages of this book, a copy of which was sold to him by a school-friend in orthat Tolkien first "discovered