It stands on the south bank of the Ottawa River in the eastern portion of southern Ontario.
Founded in as Bytownand incorporated as Ottawa inthe city has evolved into the political centre of Canada. Its original boundaries were expanded through numerous annexations and were ultimately replaced by a new city incorporation and amalgamation in which significantly increased its land area.
The city name "Ottawa" was chosen in reference to the Ottawa River, the name of which is derived from the Algonquin Odawameaning "to trade". Ottawa has the most educated population among Canadian cities  and is home to a number of post-secondary, research, and cultural All Books Ottawa Store Hours, including the National Arts Centrethe National Galleryand numerous national museums.
Ottawa has the highest standard of living in the nation and low unemployment. It ranked 2nd nationally and 24th worldwide in the quality of life index and is consistently rated the best place to live in Canada. With the draining of the Champlain Sea around ten thousand years ago the Ottawa Valley became habitable.
The Ottawa river valley has archaeological All Books Ottawa Store Hours with arrow heads, pottery, and stone tools. Three major rivers meet within Ottawa, making it an important trade and travel area for thousands of years. The first maps of the area used the word Ottawa, derived from the Algonquin word adawe "to trade", used in reference to the area's importance to First Nations tradersto name the river.
Philemon Wrighta New Englandercreated the first settlement in the area on 7 March on the north side of the river, across from the present day city of Ottawa in Hull. Wright pioneered the Ottawa Valley timber trade soon to be the area's most significant economic activity by transporting timber by river from the Ottawa Valley to Quebec City.
The canal's military purpose was to provide a secure route between Montreal and Kingston on Lake All Books Ottawa Store Hoursbypassing a particularly vulnerable stretch of the St. Lawrence River bordering the state of New York that had left re-supply ships http://cocktail24.info/blog/popular-masters-essay-editor-site-for-mba.php for southwestern Ontario easily exposed to enemy fire during the War of He also laid out the streets of the town and created two distinct neighbourhoods named "Upper Town" west of the canal and " Lower Town " east of the canal.
On New Year's EveQueen Victoriaas a symbolic and political gesture, was presented with the responsibility of selecting a location for the permanent capital of the Province of Canada.
Macdonald had assigned this selection process to the Executive Branch of the Government, as previous attempts to arrive at a consensus had ended in deadlock.
Additionally, despite Ottawa's regional isolation it had seasonal water transportation access to Montreal read article the Ottawa River and to Kingston via the Rideau Waterway. By it also had a modern all season Bytown and Prescott Railway that carried passengers, lumber and supplies the kilometres to Prescott on the Saint Lawrence River and beyond. Ottawa was the only settlement of any substantial size that was already located directly on the border of French populated former Lower Canada here English populated former Upper Canada thus additionally making the selection an important political compromise.
Starting in the s, entrepreneurs known as lumber barons began to All Books Ottawa Store Hours large sawmills, which became some of the largest mills in the world. The Library of Parliament and Parliament Hill landscaping would not be completed until The Hull—Ottawa fire of destroyed two-thirds of Hull, including 40 per cent of its residential buildings and most of its largest employers along the waterfront.
It was redeveloped as a ceremonial centre in as part of the City Beautiful Movement and became the site of the National War Memorial in and designated a National Historic Site in Ottawa's former industrial appearance was vastly altered by the Greber Plan.
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Prime Minister Mackenzie King hired French architect-planner Jacques Greber to design an urban plan for managing development in the National Capital Region, to make it more aesthetically pleasing and thus more befitting a location serving as Canada's political centre. This new downtown location was very close to Ottawa's first — and second — City Halls.
This new city hall complex also source an adjacent 19th century restored heritage building formerly known as the Ottawa Normal School. From the s until the s, the National Capital Region experienced a building boom,  which was followed by large growth in the high-tech industry during the s and s.
By the s, Bell Northern Research later Nortel employed thousands, and large federally assisted research facilities such as the National Research Council All Books Ottawa Store Hours to an eventual technology boom. The early adopters led to offshoot companies such as Newbridge NetworksMitel and Corel. Ottawa's city limits had been increasing over the years, but it acquired the most territory on 1 Januarywhen it amalgamated all the municipalities of the Regional Municipality of Ottawa—Carleton into one single All Books Ottawa Store Hours.
The city's growth led to strains on the public transit system and on road bridges. On 15 Octobera diesel-powered light rail transit LRT line was introduced on an experimental basis.
Known today as the Trillium Lineit was dubbed the O-Train and connected downtown Ottawa to the southern suburbs via Carleton University. The decision to extend the O-Train, and to replace it with an electric light rail system was a major issue in the municipal elections where Chiarelli was defeated here businessman Larry O'Brien.
After O'Brien's election transit plans were changed to establish a series of light rail stations from the east side of the city into downtown, and for using a tunnel through the downtown core. Jim Watsonthe last mayor of Ottawa prior to amalgamation, was re-elected in the election. In OctoberCity Council approved the final Lansdowne Park plan, an agreement with the Ottawa Sports and Entertainment Group that saw a new stadium, increased green space, and housing and retail added to the site.
Ottawa is situated on the south bank of the Ottawa River and contains the mouths of the Rideau River and Rideau Canal. Across the canal to the west lies Centretown and Downtown Ottawawhich is the city's financial and commercial hub and home to the Parliament of Canada and numerous federal government department headquarters, notably the Privy Council Office.
Located within the major, yet mostly dormant Western Quebec Seismic Zone Ottawa is occasionally struck by earthquakes. Continue reading include the Kipawa earthquake a magnitude Ottawa sits at the confluence of three major rivers: It was able to bypass the unnavigable sections of the Cataraqui and Rideau rivers and various small lakes along the waterway due to flooding techniques and the construction of 47 water transport locks.
The Rideau River got its name from early French explorers who thought that the waterfalls located at the read article where the Rideau River empties into the Ottawa River resembled a 'curtain'.
Hence they began naming the falls All Books Ottawa Store Hours river 'rideau' which is the French equivalent of the English word for curtain. Across the Ottawa River, which forms the border between Ontario and Quebeclies the city of Gatineauitself the result of amalgamation of the former Quebec cities of Hull and Aylmer together with Gatineau.
One federal crown corporation, the National Capital Commission, or NCC, has significant land holdings in both cities, including sites of historical and touristic importance.
The NCC, through its responsibility for planning and development of these lands, is an important contributor to both cities. Around the main urban area is an extensive greenbeltadministered by the NCC for conservation and leisure, and comprising mostly forest, farmland and marshland. Summers are warm and humid in Ottawa. Snow and ice are dominant during the click season. Spring and fall are variable, prone to extremes in temperature and unpredictable swings in conditions.
The highest temperature ever recorded in Ottawa was The city has a main urban area but many other urban, suburban and rural areas exist within the modern city's limits. Inthe populations of the City of Ottawa and the Ottawa—Gatineau census metropolitan area CMA wereand 1, respectively. Ottawa's median age of The largest visible minority groups are: Non-Christian religions are also very well established in Ottawa, the largest being Islam 6.
Those with no religious affiliation represent In terms of respondents' knowledge of one or both official languages, The overall Ottawa—Gatineau census metropolitan area CMA has a larger proportion of French speakers than Ottawa itself, since Gatineau is overwhelmingly French speaking. These include Arabic 3. Ottawa has a high standard of All Books Ottawa Store Hours, low unemployment,   and the fourth highest GDP growth rate among major Canadian cities in at 2. Ottawa's primary employers are the Public Service of Canada and the high-tech industry, although tourism and healthcare also represent increasingly sizeable economic activities.
The Federal government is the city's largest employer, employing overindividuals from the National Capital region. During the summer, the city hosts the Ceremonial Guardwhich performs functions such as the Changing the Guard.
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The lead-up to the festivities saw much investment in civic infrastructure, upgrades to tourist infrastructure and increases in national cultural attractions. The National Capital Region annually attracts an estimated 7. In addition to the economic activities that come with being the national capital, Ottawa is an important technology centre; inits this web page employed approximately 63, people.
Another major employer is the health sector, which employs over 18, people. InOttawa experienced an increase of 40, jobs over with a five-year All Books Ottawa Store Hours growth that was relatively slower than in the late s.
The overall growth of jobs All Books Ottawa Store Hours Ottawa-Gatineau was 1. In the province, however, this rate increased over the same period from 6. Ottawa hosts a variety of annual seasonal activities—such as Winterludethe largest festival in Canada,  and Canada Day celebrations on Parliament Hill and surrounding downtown area, as well as BluesfestCanadian Tulip FestivalOttawa Dragon Boat FestivalOttawa International Jazz FestivalFringe Festival and Folk Music Festivalthat have grown to become some of the largest festivals of their kind in the world.
As Canada's capital, Ottawa has played host to a number of significant cultural events in Canadian historyincluding the first visit of the reigning Canadian sovereign — King George VIwith his consortQueen Elizabeth — to his parliament, on 19 May Influenced by government structures, much of the city's architecture tends to be formalistic and functional ; however, the city is also marked by Romantic and Picturesque styles of architecture such as the Parliament Buildings' gothic revival architecture.
Many domestic buildings are clad in brick, with small numbers covered in wood, stone, or siding of different materials; variations are common, depending on neighbourhoods and the age of dwellings within them. The skyline has been controlled by building height restrictions originally implemented to keep All Books Ottawa Store Hours Hill and the Peace Tower at Amongst the city's national museums and galleries is the National Gallery of Canada ; designed by famous architect Moshe Safdieit is a permanent home to the Maman sculpture.
The Ottawa Little Theatreoriginally called the Ottawa Drama League at its inception inis the longest-running community theatre company in Ottawa. Many other properties of cultural value have been designated as having "heritage elements" by the City of Ottawa under Part IV of the Ontario Heritage Act.
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Sport in Ottawa has a history dating back to the 19th century. Ottawa is currently home to four professional sports teams. The Senators play their home games at the Canadian Tire Centre. Several non-professional teams also play in Ottawa, including the Ottawa 67's junior ice hockey team.
Collegiate teams in various sports compete in Canadian Interuniversity Sport. The Carleton Ravens are nationally ranked in basketball and the Ottawa Gee-Gees are nationally ranked in football and basketball. Algonquin College has also won numerous national here. The city is home to an assortment of amateur organized team sports such as soccerbasketball, baseballcurlingrowinghurling and horse racing.
The City of Ottawa is a single-tier municipalitymeaning it is in itself a census division and has no county or regional municipality government above it. Ottawa is governed by the member Ottawa City Council consisting of 23 councillors each representing one ward and the mayor, currently Jim Watson,  elected in a citywide vote.
Along with being the capital of Canada, Ottawa is politically diverse in local politics. Most of the city has traditionally supported the Liberal Party. Rural parts of the former township of Cumberlandwith a large number of Francophones, traditionally support the Liberal Party, though their support has recently weakened.
At present, Ottawa is All Books Ottawa Store Hours to embassies. OC Transpoa department of the city, operates the public transit system.