40 Million Dollar Slave Thesis - Better opinion

Guardian November 2016 ArdentSunday, February 18, Book Review: Forty Million Dollar Slaves.

I deliberately abstained from immediately reading William C. I wanted to develop my own opinion of the please click for source page polemic independently of the surrounding maelstrom it generated in the sports journalism world.

Now that the furor has long died down, and I can only dimly remember the details of its strongest criticisms, I recently picked it up and consumed it with as open and detached a mind as possible. Second, Rhoden, who writes for the New York Timesis admirably passionate and wrote this book with a sincere desire for systemic change in both the overall 40 Million Dollar Slave Thesis industry and the mindset of contemporary African-American athletes and executives; thus, we should consider his ideas.

Third, I am hesitant to be presumptive, but I believe Rhoden would encourage discourse and debate on his book from all races. And finally, one 40 Million Dollar Slave Thesis read the book without doing some critical self-examination along the way, and I would endorse any product in which rigorous internal reflection is a side effect.

According to Rhoden, though African-Americans have gained numerous benefits from professional athletics, their persistent lack of real power in the modern sports industry remains a glaring travesty. In pre-Civil War America, this dynamic was literal: Any athletes who were consistently successful frequently earned respect from their fellow slaves and pittance from their overseers.

Important Notice: February 6, 2017 at 16:52 am
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Antebellum white society was fearful of blacks achieving success in athletics for two reasons. First, there was a concern that black dominance in head-to-head athletic competition with whites click have a detrimentally empowering impact on the rest of the African-American population.

Second, white America recognized the growing financial vitality of professional sports leagues and needed to bar blacks from realizing any of the potentially lucrative payoffs.

As a result, whites kept blacks in marginalized roles if they were allowed any roles at all in sports by using a variety of methods.

As outright segregation and banishment became less viable tactics, whites began allowing African-American integration, but only under unfavorable conditions. By signing away all of the top African-American talent and refusing to regard any of the Negro League franchises as financially and 40 Million Dollar Slave Thesis significant commodities worth preserving, white team owners effectively crushed what might have been a prosperous black institution.

Rhoden also points out that athletes such as Jackie Robinson, though lauded for being color-barrier breaking pioneers, did a disservice to their fellow African-Americans by failing to negotiate better terms for their ex-Negro League employers.

To Rhoden, the situation for blacks and the overall African-American society is more grim than uplifting. If they are good enough, these athletes eventually enrich their white owners with their grace and aesthetic style of play. The impetus for these black athletes, of course, is the allure of huge salaries.

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For Rhoden, Michael Jordan is the most egregious example of an athlete with more means than anyone to advance the causes of African-Americans, but who instead has stood 40 Million Dollar Slave Thesis nothing except his own commercialism. Meanwhile, black representation in the coaching, management, and especially ownership realms are nearly nonexistent.

The lone exception is Robert Johnson, the owner of the Charlotte Bobcats, but Rhoden is even skeptical of his motivations, fearing he may be nothing more than a callous, profit-oriented businessman. They could move to exploit black muscle and talent, thus sucking the life out of black institutions, while at the same time giving themselves credit as humanitarians.

On the other hand, throughout history, large sports leagues have regularly subsumed less powerful ones, even when race was not a factor. Two leagues with uneven levels of market capitalization rarely can coexist for long, and if there is a primary culprit for this, it is arguably capitalism before it is racism.

Further, though the means MLB used to acquire Robinson were nefariously exploitative, he did end up having a much larger stage to captivate and inspire millions of Americans—black and otherwise—than he would have had with the Negro Leagues.

And if you think that the lessons and legends of heroes such as Jackie Robinson should be shared by all American cultural and ethnic subsets, it is hard not to see this as the most important outcome of baseball integration rather than the extinction of the Negro Leagues. I was also left wondering how ideal it would have been had one or more Negro League teams been incorporated wholly intact to MLB.

40 Million Dollar Slaves

Rhoden laments that this did not happen, but he fails to really flesh out this alternative scenario. Would these former Negro League franchises, were they still in existence today as a part of MLB, continue to be segregated?

Forty Million Dollar Slaves Rhoden’s $40 Million Slaves weaves a compelling Adult/High School–Rhoden's provocative thesis is that today's black. About Forty Million Dollar Rhoden’s $40 Million Slaves weaves a compelling cameos to illustrate Rhoden’s thesis that even the best paid of black. The Paperback of the Forty Million Dollar Slaves {dollar}40 Million Slave: Adult/High School-Rhoden's provocative thesis is that today's black athletes. He was finishing up the proposal that would eventually become his new book 40 Million Rhoden's thesis that black athletes were makes 40 Million Dollar. And whether or not you fully agree with his thesis, profit dynamic is broken that the "$40 million slave" narrative will Million Dollar Slaves: The Rise.

And click here so, would that even be desirable?

Again, if your opinion on integration is fixed one way or the other, you would not require an answer to this question. However, if you 40 Million Dollar Slave Thesis undecided, you will likely remain that way. Another philosophical fault line that—depending on which side you stand—will inform your reaction to Forty Million Dollar Slaves is the relationship between athlete and community.

Rhoden firmly believes that African-Americans should be using their wealth to advance the overall black community and insists this notion has shamefully declined since his college days. During several interludes, Rhoden recounts his experiences playing football for historically black Morgan State in the late 60s and recalls the uplifting, inspiring effect the big football games against other black colleges had on the greater African-American population.

The result is a vicious circle: Ultimately, if these athletes do eventually become millionaires at the professional level, they are less inclined to help the communities that raised them, because they no longer identify with them. This is a pretty sweeping theory, and one that I am not sure Rhoden successfully proves. If a black athlete grows up in rural Alabama, for instance, and ends up playing for the University of Alabama, is the athlete really in danger of forgetting his roots?

I believe that the onus is on Rhoden to prove this, and in my opinion he fails to do so. But again, this incident is from the early 80s—Rhoden needs to provide more current evidence to make me believe that colleges continue to behave in such a sinister, culturally-brainwashing way. Even if Rhoden is correct in his assertion that many if not most black athletes involuntarily turn their backs on 40 Million Dollar Slave Thesis upbringing, the question remains: Though I only have anecdotal continue reading, it seems that nearly all professional athletes, regardless of race, see to the welfare of their parents, guardians, extended family, and friends immediately after they sign their first huge professional contracts.

These entourages receive money, homes, improved living standards, and often financial backing for their own entrepreneurial endeavors. First, Rhoden does not really acknowledge any of this. Second, what else should these athletes be 40 Million Dollar Slave Thesis to do?

A good number of athletes do donate to their high schools, universities, and a variety of charitable organizations, many of which reside in their local communities.

But if an athlete grew up in a dangerous urban environment, does he really have an obligation to everyone in the neighborhood? Certainly it would be nice if they felt that way, but I have a hard time taking any athletes to task who feels differently.

A third and final potential grey area with which some readers might potentially grapple: Rhoden uses some interesting behavioral examples from black athletes in the past that he believes to be admirably constructive, as well as others that he decries. It seems as if Rhoden could have chosen a more clear-cut example of a black athlete acting sociologically conscious.

Jordan happened to agree with Hardin and declined to back the athletes, although he did offer to fund a library for a more general purpose, such as family life studies. Eventually, Hardin acquiesced and the students got their cultural center. A lion on the court, he was a lamb when the community needed him Black athletes like Jordan have abdicated their responsibility to the community with an apathy that borders on treason.

My final criticism of Forty Million Dollar Slaves involves a technical aspect of the book: I believe Rhoden uses very questionable documentation procedures. The book does have endnotes, but it does not contain footnotes, and this posed a problem for me, particularly on a number of statements in which I was unsure whether Rhoden was stating fact or conjecture.

He had heard the white crowds roar and may have longed for the right to live that life. In the end, although I failed to see eye-to-eye with Rhoden on culpability issues and some of his interpretations of past events, I do agree with his overarching principle: My biggest worry is that Rhoden is not interested in—or even hostile to—achieving a greater degree of integration in sports and in society as a whole.

Ultimately, your opinion on the level of black power in sports may rest on how fast you think progress is occurring. For Rhoden, it is clearly 40 Million Dollar Slave Thesis occurring fast enough, but one fundamental problem with blaming racism or indifference or whatever is that professional sports teams are not 40 Million Dollar Slave Thesis to acquire for anyone; besides being extremely expensive, they are also rarely for sale.

11, 40 Million Dollar Slave Thesis large

But Carter, like me, is confident that things will change and are changing if not fast enough to suit Rhoden. Nonetheless, I thank Rhoden for bringing these issues to light, and I want to see the debate continued.

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